Honors History of Photography

Post your comments, reviews and critiques below. As stated in the course syllabus, reviews should be at least one paragraph in length (approx 250 words) and follow the general guidelines presented in course handouts, including: Talking and Writing about Art.

Again, this format is informal and the comments should be brief and concise. This is not a space for lengthy discourse or academic writing. I expect you to write as you would speak in class and elaborate beyond “I like…” or “, (the work) is awesome”. Be descriptive and specific in response to both the formal and conceptual elements of the work(s).



114 Responses to Honors History of Photography

  1. Labeeqa Mir says:

    The Rowan Art Gallery exhibit, Chromography: Writing in Color, is a nice exhibit. As soon as you walk into the room, you get bombarded with colors. The whole exhibit deals with how color can be used to represent letters, then they can create words or music. Although I could not decipher the exhibit, I fell in love with the rainbow colored room. I found it fascinating that someone put so much thought in the array of colors and created several pieces of art. My favorite image was the first one you see, when you walk into the art gallery. The image is composed of 3D blocks with different color patterns. These blocks created a message, or at least that is what the lady in the room said they did. I didn’t really see it, but I still thought it was interesting. To really enjoy this exhibit, I feel you have to really take the time to understand it. It is not a typical exhibit with paintings and sculptures. It just has a lot color blocks around the whole room with some items playing music that are written with the colors. Overall, the exhibit was nice, but it was a little difficult to understand. It is not the best exhibit the Rowan Art Gallery has presented, but it is nice enough to check out if you have some free time.

  2. Amber Busher says:

    For this review, I would like to critique children’s art kits. They can virtually be found anywhere; in a Walmart, Michael’s, you name it. Their purpose is to raise children’s creativity and give them modes of art that they otherwise would not have. My brother came to Rowan for Lil Sibs Weekend and we went to Spring Fest, which was basically a small carnival in the intramural fields. There was a paint spinning wheel that you could decorate a Frisbee at, so naturally my brother wanted one to play with. Even though it was at a carnival, it was nice for him to be able to do something like that that he would not be able to do on a normal day. Art kits such as the spinning Frisbee one are great for kids because it allows them to express their creativity in ways not usually possible. It also makes them more interested in the arts, because they can see what other people’s Frisbees turn out like too. My brother immediately asked me if we could do something like that when we got home. And I thought we could. One simple exposure to arts and crafts at a fair could spark a person’s love for something. While I think some art kits out there are cheesy and not well made, the purpose isn’t for them to be the best thing ever; it’s to give the child a feeling of accomplishment and enrichment in the arts. Overall, I was very happy with the outcome of the Frisbee painting, seeing as how excited it made my brother. Giving small art kits to children for their birthday or holidays can really make a difference in their life, just by exposing them to something new and exciting about art.

  3. Amber Busher says:

    For this critique, I chose to review the presentations we did in class. When we were first given the topics for the project, I was expecting everyone’s presentations to be extremely similar and identical. I didn’t think much of the first choice, snapshots, but once people started presenting, I soon realized how much could be said about photographs and how they have shaped our culture. In my life, pictures and posing for photographs have always been prevalent. I can remember my earliest years and remember having photographs taken, or seeing pictures from when right after I was born. These presentations really opened my mind up to what photography has done to the world in a whole. It has transformed our community into a society driven by snapshots. Social media is almost an online appearance of our being. One bad picture and someone can make judgments about our character at a quick glance. It is amazing how far we’ve come and the standards we hold pictures up to these days. I know some of my friends freak out if they don’t get enough likes on their Instagram pictures and will text me frantically asking me to help them out (this unfortunately happens way too often). It’s sad how we rely so much on photographs to depict our character, but it can also be scary. A picture taken from a party that ends up online could be detrimental to someone’s career. Overall, the presentations showed me a lot about how photography has created a dependency on snapshots.

  4. At FringeArts, director and collaborative choreographer Megan Bridge of presented Dust, a work inspired by and set to Robert Ashley’s experimental opera of the same name. With its stream of consciousness sound score influencing stream of consciousness improvisational solos, the work seemed to speak to the dust-like nature of humanity and what happens when the specks of dust accumulate and need cleansing.
    Set to a sound score comprised of streams of consciousness and repetitive, borderline droning noise, the dancers challenged the audience’s attention. Patterns such as the group walking into the smiling and waving were repeated to the point of exhaustion. The structure of an individual removing him or herself from the group to perform a solo when a solo voice was heard was also repeated to the point of predictable. This use of repetition in the movement and thematic pattern made the space feel very static in the beginning. Choreographically, there was a fusion of pedestrian movement with dance, as well as a sense of ease. Particularly in the solos, the dancers showcased a great sense of fall and recover. The dancers also allowed their breath to help facilitate their movement, which attribute to their seamless connectivity between movements. There was also a sense of openness to the performers, particularly in terms of their stage presence.
    Perhaps the most striking and successful aspect of Dust was the extreme attention to the focus of the performers and space, almost making the work about manipulations of focus. Any time a dancer’s attention was directed toward the audience, he or she scanned the entire house with the intention of connecting to people in the audience. This direct external focus was also directed to the other dancers in the space, creating a strong sense of ensemble. Whenever the gaze of the dancers was the main focus was exciting, and, because of this, I almost wish it had been a more intimate setting to allow for deeper attention to the performers’ focus.
    The vastness of the set was often times made larger due to minimalistic choreography and large scale projections; this, in junction with the vast abstractness of the sound, challenged the attention of the audience. I found myself focusing not on the performers but on the sound or on the swallowing expanse of the set. I often felt like the sound and the performers were working against each other instead of in support of each other, which also challenged my focus as an audience member.
    Overall, while I was not in love with Dust, I appreciated it for its daringness to go into the abstract and for the extreme attention to focus. Dust undoubtedly served as a strong example of the power of presence, breath, and focus in dance. Had it been in a more intimate setting with the dancers either performing the opera or attending more to relating to the sound, it would have found more success because the manipulation of focus would have resonated stronger.

  5. Patricia Iannaci says:

    In the art gallery at Westby Hall one of the works that caught my eye was a painting by Melinda Steffy. Her painting was made with watercolor on paper and is based off of music by Béla Bartók. The music is called “Mikrokosmos” and is piano music that progresses from beginner to advanced over several volumes. Melinda Steffy used a circular system to ay out the right and the left hand lines of music allowing an interaction between the two whether in unison, in harmony, or counterpoint. The piece is split up into twenty-four different pictures of circles. Each shows an array of colors and no two circles are the same. The artist favors the colors orange, green, red, blue, yellow and purple. Some of them have intricate patterns while others are much more simple and resemble a color wheel. While looking at it I thought it was very interesting and liked how she used a multitude of images to express the musical score. Next to the picture there is an information sheet, which has a list of each musical score that corresponds with the circular picture representing it. Similar to the works in that same gallery by Gerard Brown these two artists represent two different forms of art in their paintings, each inspired to paint based off of the other form. Gerard Brown mixing creative writing with his paintings, and Melinda Steffy using a combination of music and painting.

  6. Patricia Iannaci says:

    Gerard Brown impressed me again as I wandered the gallery at Westby hall with a work made with digital print on Dibond. Like his other works the artist explores the intersection of seeing and reading. He claims in the information sheet next to his work, that he was heavily influenced by Robert Smithson who said, “Language should find itself in the physical world.” So Brown uses a script of nautical signal flags and arranges them into a traditional tumbling block pattern that gives a three dimensional look. The flags he uses rely on color to tell them apart otherwise they would be easily confused. he converts the flags into an alphabet to send out his message, an example given is the flag “Kilo” which translates to “desire to communicate.” The colors used in this work are brown, blue, orange, red, yellow, and white. Though at first glance it seems like many more. I was impressed buy his art as soon as I viewed it, but I was more intrigued once I found out his reasonings behind it. When looking at the picture I never would have guessed that there is actually a hidden code within it. But after knowing you can see the repetitions of each flag throughout the picture and knowing the reasoning behind it it all makes sense. I recommend anyone in Westby take a moment to stop in and look at it.

  7. Patricia Iannaci says:

    While checking out the Westby art gallery I liked a lot of Gerard Brown’s work. In this one particular piece he used acrylic on canvas and and displayed words using codes based on colors and grids. He explores how writing can be used to discover meaning by having a short poem built of words whose lengths fit the three sided shapes. I liked the color choices he used of black, orange, red and pink. Gives the painting a dark mysterious feel. The shapes are mostly triangles squares and rectangles and the way they are positioned makes it look like a multitude of buildings hidden in the darkness. But when viewed up close you can see that hidden in the black are more shapes, also black but with a different texture giving you the ability to see them. Once you notice this it is understood that all the shapes are actually connected by these invisible shapes forming entire blocks rather than random shapes thrown together. There is a lot of depth to this work from the hidden shapes to the hidden meaning of the poem its based off of. Combining writing arts with studio arts I was very impressed by Brown’s talent. Very visually stimulating and something I would definitely recommend to others to be checked out!

  8. Patricia Iannaci says:

    I selected a landscape photograph presented in black and white that was in the instructions describing how to write our critiques. The photo shows a picture of three bicycles abandoned on one of the few grass surfaces in the foreground of the frame. The bicycles are the focal point being slightly lower than centered with the sharpest focus in the picture. From there the eye travels to the mid-ground and notices what seems like an urban skate park. It is assumed a skate park because of the bicycles, multiple stairs and high-rise platforms that would pose as a challenge for someone who likes riding dangerously. The said park has an urban feel due to its eye-catching graffiti that makes it look rougher. After evaluating this part of the photo one begins to notice the background in the distance that is slightly blurred by what looks like fog. Revealing that there is a body of water with a path of docks that connects to a populated island looking area in the distance. The water is overexposed but one can just make out the shapes of what appears to be boats. This photograph could be used as a news photo but seems to be more expressive though could fit the criteria of a functional landscape as well. There is a square frame around the photo where the photographer could have cut the picture but instead he left the edges where there is appearance of edge damage from the negative used by the photographer. Exposing that it is a traditional photo made by developing film. It is very possible the artist did this purposely for dramatic effect. The photo gives a depressing feel that could relate to emotional, psychological and personal. It is troublesome that there are clear signs that people inhabit this area yet not one person is shown. The marks of humanity are clear first with the three bicycles, the graffiti, the boats and even the houses in the distance. This has a psychological feel of loneliness and curiosity. One bike would make sense because the photographer could possibly own it but instead he uses three showing that there are a group of bicycle owners not presented in the frame. The black and white enhances the emotion for if the photo were in color it is possible that the graffiti could be brightly colored and the water a pale blue on the fog instead of an overexposed white. To me, growing up in a city on a peninsula the photo feels very personal as it gives me a nostalgic feel as I think back to how I’ve spent a majority of my life looking out onto water and graffiti being a normal sight.

  9. Patricia Iannaci says:

    I chose another photo from the MOMA made with black and white film. The picture looks glossy as opposed to matt. The tonal range is mostly dark with the bottom and right of the picture using lighter tones. The photo exhibits five women in the foreground all dressed identically in black hats with plaid bands around them matching the collars of their jackets. Their masks and the coats appear to be some kind of brown or gray. (Hard to tell with the black and white medium.) The women are shot close up only able to view their shoulders and above. They are walking amongst a seemingly very busy city street. Seems as though they are walking in some kind of movement since they are among crowds of people in what seems to be the middle of the streets. One can tell that they are located in the city by the tall buildings seen in the background. The women are the focus in the picture with their bizarre black masks, one women in the mid-ground and center focus on the frame is looking at the camera with her arm in the air. The photo looks like it could definitely qualify for photojournalism and a documentary photo representing the movement these women are participating in. The artist seems to representing ideas of political and emotional appeal. The women seem to be dressed up for a cause, some type of social injustice. The photo represents a different time through the fashion choices of the women representing a culture of America generations in the past. The angle of the shot makes it stand out as a piece of artwork rather than a photo merely capturing what was going on, giving more depth to the characters of the two women looking in the photographers direction.

  10. Patricia Iannaci says:

    There was a photo I enjoyed at the MOMA but I failed to get the title but so I’ll just have to describe how it looked. I can tell just by viewing it that it was created with film. The paper is matt black and white with a grainy look. The focus of the camera was on the audience as opposed to the man on stage where only his legs are represented as he sits on a chair. The positioning gives emphasis on the man on the stage, him being the first thing you notice in the picture with an audience seated to view him. The clothing gives away that the photo is from a different period, one where women more commonly wore hats, which have grown out of trend in the past few decades, also exhibiting culture of the early 50s. The photo could qualify as a documentary, news photo or an advertising photo for the theatre. It is clearly a theatre because in the back of the photo you can make out a balcony. Light is filling the room suggesting that perhaps the picture is taken before the show has begun. It is clear that there is a spotlight on the man on stage due to the shadow of his legs behind him. However there is light in the balcony and on the people on the audience. Even though the people are gathered to watch the performance it doesn’t seem as though they are being captured by what is on the stage either. I see a few audience members looking down or in the opposite directions proving the point that perhaps the show had not yet begun.

  11. John Haer says:

    For the final film of my ‘trilogy’ of bad movie reviews, I watched the movie “Sharknado”. Unlike the previous two movies I’ve reviewed, Sharknado is a different breed of film. Where The Room and Birdemic were seriously made bad movies that were unintentionally funny, Sharknado is an intentionally bad film. The film is the work of The Asylum, a movie production company that specializes in producing crappy and deceptive rip-offs of major blockbusters. This is a studio that in the past has made films like Snakes on a Train (released 3 days after Snakes on a Plane), Transmorphers (released 2 days after Transformers) and The Da Vinci Treasure (released 4 days after The Da Vinci Code). The Asylum actually was somewhat creative in this regard with Sharknado, as there has never before been a film about tornados filled with sharks.
    The film itself is made relatively well, unlike Birdemic, there are no major production flaws. A major part of why this movie is considered to be so bad is its frequent use of stock footage. The first half of the movie is filled with standard generic beach shots, that are very out of place to the rest of the movie. Additionally, at several points, the film will show stock footage of sharks to show that the characters are in shark infested waters which are particularly amusing in one scene where the characters are driving through the streets of LA. The other major reason why the film is considered so bad is its complete disregard for continuity. The weather changes from sunny to apocalyptic and back in a matter of seconds in several scenes.
    Where Sharknado really shines, however, is in the sheer absurdity of the script. The whole concept of the movie in itself is absurdly hilarious. Throughout the movie, I was kept laughing at the ridiculousness of what was happening. In one scene, the characters are attempting to escape from a flooded house filled with sharks. One of the characters is eaten which turns the water red with his blood. In the background, you hear someone say, “Looks like it must be that time of the month”. This sort of absurdist humor is subtly sprinkled throughout the film which is only realized upon a second or third viewing of the film. While the film doesn’t live up to the bad movie enjoyment standards set by Birdemic and The Room, Sharknado is an enjoyably terrible movie to watch.

  12. Mary-Grace Testa says:

    For my final review, I had the opportunity to visit “Synapse”, the seniors graphic design exhibition. It was cool to be able to experience graphic design in addition to the photography and paintings I have seen in the student gallery throughout the semester. Obviously, graphic design is a very different art form form the more traditional drawing, painting, and even photography; however, even as a very inexperienced, untrained viewer, it was fascinating to see how the same principles were used in the graphic design as in the other art forms I have seen this semester. The piece which I was most interested in was created by Jessica Genarie; rather than a typical piece of art, this was an informative graphic about endangered species in 5 different countries which aimed to increase knowledge and awareness about endangered species. The piece successfully conveyed a lot of valuable information about endangered species, including: causes of endangerment, numbers, tops five countries involved, and the animals involved. It was cool to see how so much information could be easily and accurately portrayed in an extremely visually appealing piece. My favorite part of the piece was a circular graph on the bottom half of the poster which depicted the specific animals which are endangered, and it looked more like a piece of abstract art than an informational diagram. There is no doubt that this, although very different from the traditional, is in fact art. I think that seeing this exhibit at the end of the semester was extremely beneficial because I was able to make connections and comparisons between the graphic design and the other art forms I viewed throughout the semester.

  13. Sarah Weitzman says:

    On Thursday night I went out to see Avengers: Age of Ultron. Because The Avengers was a great movie, I had high expectations for Age of Ultron. Avengers: Age of Ultron has already made an estimated $85 million dollars just from being in the theaters for two days. To those who haven’t seen the movie yet, I will try to avoid spoilers for you! The movie starts out with everyone’s favorite superheroes in the middle of an epic battle scene. There are plenty of funny jokes and witty banter between everyone. This Avengers movie also shows the darker side to each character. Also, we get some great background stories about Hawkeye and Black Widow, who don’t have their own movies yet. Ultron is the bad guy in this movie and is voiced by James Spader. He did a great job playing Ultron and showing the craziness of Ultron’s mind. Ultron had a robot army and those things freaked me out. They were still moving and attacking even as they were being destroyed. They really reminded me of zombies, especially when some had missing limbs and were crawling around. We also meet Quicksilver and Scarlet Witch in Avengers: Age of Ultron. I thought the effects for Scarlet Witch’s powers were really cool. Overall, Avengers: Age of Ultron met my high expectations and was so good, I want to see it again.

  14. Justin Lavan says:

    In the down stairs gallery, there was a very interesting exhibit: music pitches and words translated into colors. Different quotes had been translated into colors and times. Even more fascinating was the music. Different sonatas and inventions from Bach were organized into a color scheme based on the pitches that appeared in the song. It was fascinating to a see a visual put to the music. I am always interested by works in which the senses are represented through art. It is also interesting that, after listening to those specific pieces, I envisioned different colors for different parts of the song. I feel that the exhibits shown downstairs really showed me how different people can interpret the same exact sensory experience. I was also really interested in the electronics behind the sounds. For example in the books there was a custom made board and a tab. When the tab was pulled it completed the circuit and started the specific music. As for the music clock it was a small microprocessor attached to the music library, and when the correct time came around it again triggered the song. I think the real question is, how does the circuit get made? The past two shows have involved electronics in some way, are all artists just inherently good with technology. Does the artist outsource the idea and allow others to build it? Who gets the credit, because I would like to have a job where I have to creatively think about others idea and figure out how to make it real.

  15. Justin Lavan says:

    I walked into the student gallery today and was surprised about what I saw in the front right corner; information about architecture. The reason this was shocking to me was because it was done in programs that I have used before in engineering. It is strange that our engineering professors make programs seem like they are solely for engineering students when many other fields utilize them also. I believe this is one of the places that some students get a very massive ego, and believe that they are better than other majors. It is very stupid to behave this way, because engineering and design is meant to make people’s lives better. How could we go about that with an egotistical mindset? The one poster showed that a majority of the buildings being developed spent most of their time in modeling software. I am happy with this finding because maybe it will knock the engineering department down a notch and teach us that we really aren’t that special and potentially loose the stigma around the major. I also enjoyed reading about it because it gave me an alternative to my major. Since the programs seemed similar, they would not be hard to transition into in case I cannot find a job in my field. It also makes me wonder how long buildings are in the design phase before they are actually built. How many are designed but the material technology does not exist yet?

  16. Katie Kiessling says:

    Rowan University’s Department of Theatre and Dance rounded out its main stage season with Neil Simon and Cy Coleman’s Sweet Charity, directed by Chris Roche and choreographed by Paule Turner. The story follows dancehall hostess Charity Hope Valentine, portrayed expertly by the quirky and charming Alli Angelou, in her wild adventures to find love. The show contains many notable numbers, such as “Big Spender” and “Rhythm of Life,” and is often known for its humorous lines and high energy dancing, made famous by Bob Fosse’s original choreography.
    For me, the show had as many ups and downs as Charity’s crazy love life. Alli Angelou brought a delightful freshness and warmth to Charity, making the character completely her own. Nichole Bieth as Helene had powerful pipes and a great stage presence, though I felt she was held back by her scene partner Nia Ali as Nikki. Both male leads, Michael Arigot as Charity’s love Oscar and AJ Klein as movie star Vittorio were steady in performance and powerful in vocals. The ensemble work was, for the most part very strong, which was an incredible feat considering the numerous roles each actor portrayed and the gender bent character casting.
    Vocally, all the numbers were strong thanks to Musical Director Nicholas Saverine. Movement wise, not so much. While I can appreciate the desire to make the show something new and escape the expected, the show often felt static and flat, which did not suit the minimalistic set. While Roche paid close attention to the moment to moment work, allowing the humor of Neil Simon’s lines to land, the space was underutilized and ultimately swallowed the performers. Turner’s choreography was arguably the weakest point of this production. Many of the dance breaks seemed left up to improvisation, which often fell flat. In scenes like “Rich Man’s Fugue,” which was severely cut down, repetitive, boring movement did nothing to excite the space, and the movement for “There’s Gotta Be Something Better Than This” did absolutely nothing to further the scene development. As much as I love Fosse, I was not expecting a recreation of his work. I was simply expecting something better than what was presented.
    Conversely, the strongest point of this production, next to Angelou, was Marketa Fantova’s costuming. Her expert use of colors and texture livened up the static space, and her choice of bright pink dress for Charity developing into an uncharacteristic blue dress for the surprise ending was a brilliant design element. Perhaps her shining moment, though, was literally in the glittery, golden Fairy Godmother extravaganza worn by actor Dana Orange.
    Overall, the show itself was entertaining, but nothing to write home about. If not for the strong, high energy performance of its principals and the exciting costuming, Sweet Charity could have easily turned sour.

  17. This review is about the 1972 TV show, Emergency!. Since I became involved in EMS, people have been telling me that I had to watch this show. After finally caving, I watched a few episodes. After the first episode, I was hooked. Emergency! follows two paramedics, two ER doctors, and an ER nurse as they try to deal with emergency medical/ rescue scenarios. Some of the emergencies include heart attacks, crushings, entrapments, plane crashes, and overdoses, just to name a few. This show is often credited with changing emergency medicine in the United States into what it is today. See, at the time the show was created, Paramedics/ EMTs were a fairly new concept that very few communities in the country actually had. In addition, the idea of the modern emergency room with specialized emergency physicians/ nurses that we have today was relatively new. At the time of the show’s airing, there were ambulances and “ambulance drivers”. These ambulance drivers had no medical training, and simply scraped you up and drove you to the hospital. In addition, the local town doctor would handle most urgent medical matters. After seeing this show (which was aired on national television), communities throughout the country pushed their leaders to get EMS/ paramedics/ EMTs in their town. Now, some 40 years later, EMS can be found in nearly every community in the country. This show proves that art (film in this circumstance) can truly change the world for the better. Imagine what your community would be like if you knew you couldn’t dial 911 and have highly trained personal work diligently to save your life, often for free. Imagine calling for your local family doctor when your significant other is having a heart attack, only to find out he is 25 min away. And once you are done imagining, you can thank those who worked to make this show become reality.

  18. For this critique, I would like to write about the photography of one of my favorite rock stars, Nick Zinner, guitarist of the Yeah Yeah Yeahs. Zinner is well know among music fans and photography fans alike for his poignant snapshots throughout his time touring the world with his band. His work has been featured in galleries and photography shows and his collections have been published in a number of books. Throughout his work, Zinner has a number of common themes. One theme is the idea of taking photos of the beds that he and his bandmates slept in during the tour. Speaking about the topic, Zinner explains that he finds beds an interesting topic because it can describe how the night was- which was often sleepless, risque, and drug-filled. Zinner is also known for his shots from the stage as the band was playing. When I saw the YYY’s preform in September 2013, I was able to be a part of one of these photos. Between encore songs, Zinner just pulled out a camera from behind his amp and took an impromptu photo. Zinner explains that the photos depict true emotion better than anything. Most fans at rock concerts are having the time of their life, and a photo from the stage can capture that emotion in a unique way. In addition, his photos show the changes in a crowd over the years (i.e. a 2003 picture would not have any cell phones in it whereas a 2015 photo would have a phone in almost every person’s hand).

    Overall, I would recommend these interesting photos to anyone out there who loves the YYY’s, indie rock, or photography in general. They truly are something unique.

  19. Marcel Briguglio says:

    At the MoMA I saw a peculiar piece of art on display that seemed odd. The piece was “’Titled (Art as Idea as Idea) [Definition]’” by Joseph Kosuth . This piece was the actual definition of the word ‘definition’ on a black canvas in white wording. This work shows 7 definitions of the word definition and the abbreviation of the word to def. These definition ranges across all types of medium to television to being a statement. The dimensions of the piece were about 6 feet by 6 feet.
    Joesph Kosuth worked in the 60’s and was known for conceptual art. He does this work to show how art is interconnected to language. This is one example of his series where for words he chooses words to have their definitions from the dictionary to be shown. Other examples of words he did were water, chair, and meaning. The dimensions of the piece change to the venue they are displayed. The purpose of the series is to also show the concept of art, Joesph Kosuth was a conceptual artist, meaning he focused on what art means. This piece was an extension of his belief that all art was part of one and all art is interconnected to everything.

  20. John Haer says:

    Birdemic: Shock and Terror is quite possibly the worst film ever created in the history of filmmaking. Birdemic actually manages to make other legendarily bad movies like The Room, which I previously discussed, seem like masterpieces in comparison. It is actually rather impressive how awful this movie is, I honestly didn’t think something of this caliber could be created. This is a movie that has the production values of a film made by a 3rd grader attempting to make a movie, although that is probably a slight to the 3rd grader.
    A large part of why this movie is so awful is the complete and total incompetence of its production. It seems like the director, James Nguyen has absolutely no clue of even the most basic concepts of filmmaking. The opening credits last for over 3 minutes the main character driving his car into town. The scene is shot at an awkward angle (possibly attempting to use a Dutch Tilt) that adds nothing of value and seems to last forever. Once the credits are finally done, the main character whose name I can’t for the life of me remember (due to him being possibly the blandest character I’ve ever seen put to film) enters a diner and is greeted and seated by a waitress. This brief scene perfectly captures why this film is so awful. The waitress’s voice is completely out of sync with the movement of her mouth making it look like a bad anime dub. The sound mixing seems to have been done by a chimpanzee, the audio cuts in and out around the lines spoken by the actors. It’s difficult to describe this, but it is horrendously painful to listen to, and this continues for basically all of the film. Finally, the camera awkwardly remains on the characters for a few seconds too long after they finish their lines before instantly cutting to something else. This slows down the whole pace of the movie and makes it rather disorienting when characters are talking.
    The plot of the film isn’t much better than the actual production values either. To describe the plot as nonsensical is an understatement, the first half of the movie serves as little more than exposition and an introduction to the main characters. This wouldn’t be a problem if we actually grew to care about the characters, but we don’t due to their horribly awkward interactions. The movie also features an oddly preachy environmental message. There are several extremely out of place scenes that talk about global warming that make the viewer wonder why this is in the film? Just one example of this is how the main character is visited at his home by a solar panel salesman pitches and sells him on installing solar panels at his house. The topic is then never touched upon again.
    Despite this, the completely boring and terrible first half of the movie is more than made up for by the appearance of the ‘Birdemic’ that finally occurs 40 excruciating minutes into the film. The birds are the worst CGI I have ever seen in a movie, they are essentially 2D cutouts of birds that were overlaid at the very end of production. The birds are so completely insane and ridiculous that it completely makes up for all of the shortcomings of the film. The birds kamikaze attack (complete with airplane noises) various structures and explode on impact. They also shoot acid and slice people’s throats for no apparent reason. The slow and painful buildup to the birds ends up making their appearance even more incredible and takes this film from being a terrible piece of filmmaking with no redeeming qualities to one of the funniest films of the past decade. This is a film that should be missed by nobody as it is an absolute gem of terrible cinema.

  21. Joshua Whiting says:

    Today I visited the art gallery in Westby and saw the art exhibit, Simulate Permeate. This show was immediately confusing. I walked in to a wall with random bright shapes and symbols that appeared to be foreign flags. I walked through the gallery expecting to eventually come across some amazing and intriguing piece like the cube of the previous show. Unfortunately I found no such piece. I just found more canvases hanging on the wall. I was quite disappointed that this show did not have any interactive pieces like previous shows, some of which still grace my phone’s background. As I continued my walk through the gallery I was finally struck by something. It was nothing as shocking and interactive as the cube or the big play-doh man but rather a set of four paintings. This set was entitled After Judith Baker. This work didn’t have any immediately striking sounds or PLEASE TOUCH sign, but rather an intrinsically intriguing bound within the four sides of the canvas that seemed to bleed out between the four paintings. From left to right the paintings seemed to be of the same thing, but with increasing levels of disorder, each painting becoming more and more hectic than the last. By the time you reach the fourth picture it seems like you need 3D glasses just to look at it. The description of this work said that the artist was trying to take a remark and make progressively more challenging versions of the remark. The idea that you could, in some way, take a sentence that someone says and turn it into this wonderfully chaotic masterpiece struck me in a deep way. Over all the show was not what I expected, but it did tickle my fancy in other ways. I would recommend going to this show if you enjoy searching for the meaning in things, but if you are more of a hands –on kind of person, this might be one to skip.

  22. Dylan Maslowski says:

    Adapting books the big screen (or in many cases now small screen) is something that happens almost all the time now. One of the most successful series adapted to the small screen is George R.R. Martin’s “A Song of Ice and Fire” series – more commonly known to HBO viewers as “Game of Thrones”. Critically acclaimed for the content of the series itself and for the acting caliber of its cast, it follows almost to a tee the events of Martin’s best-selling novels. Entering now its 5th season, a decent chunk of the cast has (for lack of a better word) moved on. This show is notorious for many characters dying in many times a horribly gruesome manner, but at the same times these deaths provide a realm of unpredictability around the show – which generates fantastic reviews and in turn keeps the show rolling. The shows cast and dark fantasy setting have a lot of pull, but as of now its global appeal keeps the show coming back for more. While Westeros may be ages away, season 5 of Game of Thrones debuts April 12th on HBO

  23. Dylan Maslowski says:

    You’d have to be some sort of blind to not realize the grand scale that Marvel Studios manages to encompass of its comic counterparts – much like attorney at law, Matt Murdoch. However Matt Murdoch isn’t like most lawyers, he is the blind vigilante known as Daredevil. Recently Marvel Studios released a series on Netflix following the rise of the titular character, much to the joy of die hard comic book fans. After having watched the series premiere alone I was sold on the idea of a superhero beyond the typical iron suit or magic hammer. It’s a hell of a lot grittier than Agents of Shield or Agent Carter will ever be and I already can foresee Daredevil throwing his name into the ring when the ‘Civil War’ story arch makes its way around the cinematic universe. Regardless of the much bigger picture that I’m sure everyone anticipates with Daredevil and the rest of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, the Daredevil Netflix series is a gritty crime drama of the superhero variety that certainly has an appeal that goes above and beyond those of the average movie enthusiast.

  24. Joshua Whiting says:

    Eminem is one of my favorite lyricists of today and his song So Far is no let down. He writes lyrics about how his life is now that he is a famous rapper. He talks about how he has a mansion and various eccentric things but he still lives in Detroit and sleeps on a couch in a small house. It is interesting to hear what he experiences as a famous man as well. He makes fun of people constantly pestering famous people by saying that he was in a McDonald’s bathroom going to the bathroom and someone asked him for his autograph on a napkin. Another line of the song says how he loves the perks of the life he lives even with all of the bad, as he talks about meeting Danica Patrick and other famous people. Even though some of his lyrics in his songs, including this one, are vulgar, if you listen to the actual lyrics you can find some hilarious meaning behind the things he says. One great example of this is at the end of the second verse he references his old songs saying “[I] went to burger king, they spit on my onion rings/ I think my karma’s catching up with me.” A fan of his old music would immediately pick up on that reference to his song, The Real Slim Shady. All in all this was a great and incredibly hilarious song to listen to.

  25. Joshua Whiting says:

    Over the past weekend I was lucky enough to be able to attend the Rowan University production of Sweet Charity. When I first entered the auditorium I was confronted with a beautiful stage, large pit band and bars full of stage lights hanging from the ceiling. I was amazed because in my high school I was in stage crew and we always had to rent lights to even half fill our two small bars so seeing all of these lights draped across the ceiling was incredible. I never expected walking in and seeing upwards of 20 lights per bar. As I sat down I noted how comfortable the seats were and got ready for what I expected to be a musical pleasure with serious, accurate and realistic acting. As the first scene began I realized I might had expected something that was not the show. The first scene a girl was fake drowning on the edge of the stage and someone was standing by eating popcorn, ice cream, and drinking soda watching. Immediately, I realized that this show was more of a comedy than a serious drama and began to enjoy it a lot more. Every character was hilarious in their own way and every scene had a small hidden gem of comedy. One scene was in a dance hall where some of the dancers were actually guys dressed as females. After looking at the show from a different angle I found it more than enjoyable.

  26. Alyssa van Doorn says:

    Last week I attended Paige Mudachi’s opening of Catharsis. Catharsis is an interactive sculpture exhibit. I was greeted by a sign saying to “please take off your shoes”; after doing that I entered a totally black room. It was dimly light, on the right three mirrors hung from the ceiling in front of a black curtain. The way to truly enter the exhibit was through a tunnel on the floor. I crawled though a dark, bumpy tunnel, when I emerged on the other side it was like entering a new world. Three wooden branches hung from the ceiling at different heights. A hammock made for four people also hung from the ceiling. In the center of the room was a wire sculpture in the middle of a small pond with sand on the bottom of it. The artist attempted to get people to let loose and play with her sculptures. At first people did not want to touch the sculptures and were very tentative. Quickly though, people let loose, they began swinging and hanging on the wood, climbing into the huge hammock. No one realized what they were supposed to do with the pond though. The artist then stepped into the pond and encouraged everyone else to take their socks off and get in too. Her encouragement worked, many started splashing around. As the name of the show implies Paige’s goal was to have her viewers go through a catharsis, to transform and at least temporarily loose themselves in her work. She accomplished that. I witnessed first hand people move from tentative to rambunctious. I myself went from unsure of how to interact with the work to playing on it like a little kid.

  27. Nick Eusebi says:

    For this critique I have decided to write about the class itself. When I chose this class I wasn’t sure what to make of it before classes actually started. Conceptual classes, like various art classes that were required in previous schooling, had never really come that strongly to me. Once the class started I was amazed at how interested that I was in everything that was talked about in class. I think that it is amazing how much photography has evolved from what it was when it was first created. During the time of today nearly everyone has a camera, whether they own a digital camera or the even more common cellphone camera. When they were first created very few people owned cameras and those that did were usually wealthy. Through each week we learned how not only the camera itself evolved but how photos were taken and what they were taken of. Photos from when they were taken originally were stiffer and set up where now a picture can be taken at any point in time. The person having their picture taken may not even know that the photo was taken. Since its creation, photography has had such a large impact on everyone. It enables everyone to create and share their memories with other so they will never be forgotten. For each project that has been presented in class so far, each one has shown how important photography us to us and what it allows us to be a part of.

  28. Joshua Whiting says:

    The Museum of Modern Art. The trip to the MoMA with my Honors History of Photography class was my first visit to this prestigious destination. Some of the pieces at the MoMA were beautiful and intriguing, but others left me just thinking “What am I looking at?” The piece titled Cosmic Slop was definitely in the latter category. This piece was comprised of four separate man sized canvases. Each canvas was essentially the same, but for some reason they were all scattered throughout the various galleries. Each of the various works were comprised of a canvas that was entirely plastered with black goop from corner to corner and edge to edge. There were what appeared to be gouges out of this black plaster and large globs of it elsewhere. There were also a few variations of hues of black across this canvas. The thing that made this piece stick with me was the utter lack of meaning to me and how it kept reappearing as I walked around the MoMA. I also found it quite interesting that the tags next to the monstrous works of “art” would attempt to give some kind of meaning to the confusing scratches gouges and clumps. It was quite interesting to see some other people’s reactions as well since it ranged from confused gazes to thoughtful stares. Overall, I found a lot of joy in this piece of work.

  29. Labeeqa Mir says:

    Maleficent is a phenomenal movie. The movie’s cinematic effects are so realistic and make the mythical creatures look like they are alive and real. The actors also did an amazing job. I particularly love how Angelina Jolie plays the character of Maleficent. She plays the character with such emotion that it is hard not to fall in love with Maleficent. Continually, I love how the movie focuses on a commonly portrayed villain, and it makes you fall in love with her. However, the plotline is extremely unrealistic. Aurora forgives Maleficent for cursing her to external sleep almost instantaneously. In real life, most people would not forgive someone for ruining their life instantaneously unless they were one of the most forgiving people in the world. But then again, the movie is a work of fiction based loosely on reality. Even though the movie is a work of fiction, the message that true love can be the love of mother figure not necessary love of some prince was refreshing to see from a Disney movie. It is nice to see Disney movies move away from the typical true love storyline which make create certain ideals for people. Overall, the movie was fantastic with great acting, especially from Jolie, and great special effects. I highly recommend this movie. It is a must-see.

  30. Greg VanOmmeren says:

    Many times I have been asked what my favorite movie is. I used to have to spend a long time contemplating and reflecting on the many works of cinematic art (and trash) that I have seen. However, one movie has stood out like a sore thumb (or like an awesome dream!). That move is Inception. Spoiler alert!!! But really, if you haven’t seen Inception yet then why are you alive? Just kidding. But go see it, and if you have already seen it, watch it again! The basic plot (which is in itself very complex) is about a man that was once employed in a task force that was able to enter people’s subconscious in the dream state and steal important information. However, he had to move out of the United States because he got on the wrong side of the government. His one desire is to be back in the States with his kids. A very risky business opportunity presents itself that if pulled off could allow him to live with his children again. However, this venture is the opposite of stealing information; rather, he is to plant/incept an idea so deep in a man’s conscience that the man will believe he though of it himself. To pull this off involves meticulous preparation for the “heist,” the likes of which has never been attempted before. It also involves traveling through multiple dream levels and a dangerous place called limbo in which one can be trapped forever without even realizing it is a dream. Eventually the man successfully plants the idea and is allowed to see his kids. However, at the end of the movie, the director, Christopher Nolan, inserts a scene that had fans screaming for an answer. Basically the last few seconds show that it is uncertain if the last scene where the man sees his kids was a dream in itself. Aahhhhhhhhh Christopher Nolan!!!!!! The movie involves fast-paced action, humor, stunning visual effects, and resourceful filmography. Nolan brilliantly balances five different subplots (reality and multiple dream worlds) that are each filled with delicate circumstances and events that affect each of the other subplots. And after skillfully juggling the multiple subplots, characters, and events that are all occurring at the same time, master juggler Christopher Nolan gives a bow with the final scene that has divided so many Inception fans. Despite how much I currently love the movie, the first time I watched it I really had no clue what was happening. It took me till about the fourth of fifth time watching it until I finally understand everything that happened. And each time I watch it again, I pick up on new elements and lines that Nolan masterfully placed to create his work of art. I was also blown away by Nolan’s Dark Knight Trilogy, his work The Prestige, and most recently by his film Interstellar, a fusion of science, fiction, stunning visuals, tense scenes, and mind-blowing moments. One of my favorite parts about Nolan’s movies, if not my favorite, is when there is such a huge plot twist or he flawlessly connects elements so well that my mouth instinctively drops open, I get goose bumps, and I have a mind-blown moment. All in all, I desperately hope that Nolan continues to create his unique films in the future; however, I don’t know if any of them will be able to surpass his masterpiece Inception.

  31. Kristin Snyder says:

    Banksy’s “Social Media Child” (name not official) is a piece of street art depicting a child crying, smart phone in hand, with the Instagram notifications menu above his head. Banksy is a world famous street artist who does graffiti work that always has a message. I think this piece is poking fun at today’s social media culture. A lot of people spend so much time and effort on updating and maintaining their social media accounts. This leads to many people associating their value with how many likes, favorites, comments, reblogs, followers, etc. they can get on their posts and accounts. The child is whining because he has no notifications and no followers. The point here is that Banksy is saying adults who care so much about their numbers on social media sites are equal to a whining, crying child. I personally try not to judge others, if they want to put effort and value into social media that is their choice and it’s not really affecting me. But it is an interesting commentary by Banksy that is probably both accurate and meaningful. The ideals people have today are so different today from any other generation because we have all this technology at our disposal. We are constantly learning how to use it both effectively and wisely. Social media has its pros and cons and those who choose to invest more energy into it should just be aware of the possible outcomes.

  32. Sarah Weitzman says:

    Lately, Netflix has been releasing many different new and original TV series. They know their customers like to binge watch TV shows, so they release all the episodes at once. One of their newest series is called Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt. The show is a sitcom created by Tina Fey and Robert Carlock. It was originally made for a 13-episode season to air on NBC, but was sold to Netflix. Luckily, it will have a second season. Sadly, season two will not be released until next spring, in 2016. Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt is about a 29 year old woman who was kidnapped by a doomsday cult and held in a bunker in Indiana for 15 years. She is rescued and decides to restart her life in New York City. I think the show is so funny and a little weird, but in a good way. There are a lot of great jokes packed into each episode. Also, there are many different inspirational and uplifting lessons throughout the season. Ellie Kemper plays Kimmy Schmidt, and I think she does a fantastic job. Her character is funny and sweet, and Ellie Kemper does a great job of delivering the jokes. The supporting characters in this show are equally as hilarious and help make the show a great one to watch.

  33. Emily Eppolite says:

    I’ve been watching a new show called “The Last Man on Earth.” Its a pretty interesting series with a really original story line and concept. Its pretty refreshing considering how often clichéd and over done concepts get rehashed for television. The show is about a man who finds himself alone in a word devoid of all other people. At first, he believes that he is the last man on earth but then, little by little he begins to run into other people. The characters band together and form a small society. The main character, Phil Miller, is deceitful and morally bankrupt in an extremely amusing way. He quickly finds himself hated by everyone in the small society. I enjoy this show because it’s really unique and surprising. Visually, the costume and set designers make several interesting choices. The small society of survivors lives in a neighborhood of mansions in Tuscan. Phil Miller has decorated his mansion with famous paintings stolen from now abandoned art museums. He has dinosaur bones on his kitchen table, and the rug from the White House in his foyer. “The Last Man on Earth” is an interesting topic for the discussion of visual art because its sets and costumes are integral to the story. Plots sometimes revolve around characters’ living arrangements, and therefore characters frequently interact with the scenery. Sets tend to be well lit and this contributes to the casual, light-hearted tone of the story. If we contrast the visual style of “The Last Man on Earth” against that of other television shows and movies belonging to the Post Apocalyptic genre, we will notice that it is significantly different. Post apocalyptic television shows and movies tend to be dramatic and serious in tone. Sets tend to be dark, or made to seem dark by way of dark filters. Cameras tend to zoom in tightly on things, inviting the audience to imagine what horrors may lurk in the dark and unseen corners of the set. “The Last Man on Earth” on the other hand, uses the polar opposite artistic logic in its presentation, with well lit, colorful sets and camera work that invites viewers to explore the vast nonthreatening emptiness which surrounds the characters.

  34. Emily Eppolite says:

    I watched the first season of Game of Thrones recently. Its a really popular show and I can see why. It has a lot of intelligent dialogue, interesting characters and intricate plot points. However, the show is also soul-crushingly tragic and that makes it hard to watch. Game of Thrones is an interesting topic for this photography discussion because it represents how television has advanced as a visual medium. Before Game of Thrones and shows like it, television series never aimed to be atmospheric in the way that movies are. Sets were often basic and meant to represent the mundane and the ordinary. For example, sitcoms took place in boring rooms (like Seinfeld’s apartment or Ray Barone’s living room.) Television shows rarely if ever aimed for the sense of immersive grandness that we see in some more modern shows. Most, if not all focus was placed on characters in the foreground and little to no story was conveyed through the scenery. In Game of Thrones, however, where we are can be just as important as who we are looking at. Locations in this show are not only beautiful to look at but also affect the direction of the story as control of land and cultural differences derived from a character’s place of origin are central themes in the plot. This show’s influence is beginning to be felt in other television dramas as sets become more like movie sets and less like basic stage props.

  35. Marcel Briguglio says:

    On my trip to the MoMA I sat down and watched a small clip. ‘How Not to be Seen: A Fucking Didactic .MOV File’ by Hito Steyerl is a 14 minute video that shows how to not be seen and stay invisible. The video uses robotic male voice to voice instructions to a woman who helplessly follows the instructions, like a robot. The short file is split into 4 parts each section outlining each having a subset of ways to hide each ranging from serious, camouflage to inventive, shirking down to smaller than a pixel to comical, being a female 40 and over. She uses herself to illustrate each way to hide sometimes using props like a IPhone. She also uses an actual example by showing how something to pixel shrikes, by going to a real size calibration field, which is hundreds of meters wide and showing how some things disappear from plane’s view on the ground.

    The meaning of ‘How Not to be Seen: A Fucking Didactic .MOV File’ is to show the easy to stay hidden in a more material and digital world. The specific reference to a pixel shows her specifically wanting these ways to work in the information age and these ways wouldn’t work anywhere else in history. The wording of the word NOT is extremely important. Not be seen is saying that she wants to be invisible and references that many things that we treasure are not able to be seen, like love and war. Hito Steyerl is also showing that memories and images of people in the information Age can be changed. When the identity of a person is changed by loss information the old person disappears.

  36. Nora Farghaly
    Critique #6

    Johns Target with Four Faces (study) was created in 1986. It is made with newspaper and cloth over a canvas. It has surmounted plastered faces in a wooden box. It was displayed in the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles. It was a gift of Ron and Kelly Meyer. It is now on display in the Museum of Modern Art.
    Jasper Johns created the art. He was born in 1930. The art shows something iconic- the art seems to look like a dart board with faces on it. It includes a target that is blue and yellow. Four faces watching from above the target. This shows the audience that they are always being watched.
    The piece includes primary colors: blue yellow and red with wooden faces. Your eye immediately goes to the target then each of the four faces looking down towards the center of the target.
    This piece really attracts your eyes because of the bright colors and eeriness of the faces looking down. The wood is signature and seems to bring you back to a different time period.

  37. Nick Eusebi says:

    Recently I watched the movie the movie Unbroken. This movie followed the story of Louis Zamperini, a World War II veteran as well as an Olympian runner. I saw this movie because it seemed like it would be a good film to watch and I had seen the trailer for it. I was not expecting the movie to captivate me so much and be on the edge of my seat at some points during the film. What I liked so much about the film was how the director used flashbacks as a part of the film during various points of the movie to give a view of his past and where he came from. It shows his troubled childhood to his rise as a runner and then shows his appearance at the Olympic Games. After crash landing in the ocean and surviving for forty-seven days at sea, he is finally rescued. Although he was rescued, it was very bittersweet for he was captured by the Japanese. Throughout the initial time he is captured he is beaten and embarrassed to try to reveal information about the U.S. troops’ whereabouts. Whenever he is pushed down and beaten he always got up and kept going persevering. The strength that he was able to show and keep pushing through to survive. Eventually all of the POWs that he is with is saved by American forces and is able to save him and the others. It was an inspiring film because it showed that you should never give up no matter what.

  38. Mary-Grace Testa says:

    Today I had the chance to visit the student gallery in Westby yet again. I find that I am attracted specifically to the student gallery, I think because I am looking as the work of my peers. This week, the exhibit in the gallery is Landscapes by Paige Stecklair. As soon as I walked in I was struck by the exhibit; I grew up in a pretty urban area, but I have always been fascinated by woodsy areas, especially those with waterfalls. Every year on Father’s Day, my family takes a trip to a restaurant in Wallpack Township, or “the country” as my mom and sisters say, where the dining room overlooks an open field with mountains in the background. If you are lucky, you have a perfect view of various wild animals as you eat. After eating, we usually take a short drive to a beautiful waterfall and hike around the area. I think a large part of why I so enjoyed this exhibition is that it reminds me of these trips I take with my family. The piece I enjoyed the most was Landscape #3, an oil on canvas piece depicting a stone staircase. All of the landscapes are rich with a mixture of cool tones, mostly browns and greens. Additionally, Sticklair does a fantastic job of incorporating unique points of view and perspectives. The entire exhibit has a very calming effect and the paintings are fascinating to look at because you can see something new each time you look at the paintings, similar to when you are actually in nature.

  39. Labeeqa Mir says:

    Spirited Away is a phenomenal animated film. It is about a ten year old girl, Chihiro, who must save her parents after they had been turned into to pigs by a witch named Yubaba. The storyline for the film is a little odd, and it can frighten children. For the first time, I watched the movie I hated it. Most of the characters scared me, except Haku the river spirit that protects Chihiro. However, watching it a second time, I got passed all the scariness and was able to grasp the idea that the movie was all about growing up and facing one’s fears to become stronger. Furthermore, the film has great animation, and it looks like they took into account every little detail to make the movie as realistic as possible. There is one scene in the film where Chihiro is slips on her shoes, and the director Hayao Miyazaki makes sure that she taps her foot on the ground to adjust her shoe as one might do in real life. The movie is filled with dark background color scenes to create an eerie atmosphere, but then there are also moments in the movie filled with color such as the room that hold Yubaba’s baby to represent hope or innocence. Overall, Spirited Away is great artistic piece of work with an odd plot and great animation.

  40. During my adolescent years, I discovered a musical artist that went on to change my life and the way that I view not only music, but the world in general. This artist was the British rock band “Oasis.” While many people know Oasis for their song “Wonderwall” and nothing more, true fans know that they are much more than that. They are a rock band as raw as any other with amazing music. But enough about that, because this critique is about one specific album cover photo.

    The album was titled “Standing on the Shoulder of Giants” and was released in 2000 during a tumultuous time in the band’s history. Both the bassist and the rhythm guitarist left the band during the recording, so most of the album was written and recorded by just the singer, lead guitarist, and drummer. In addition, the lead guitarist and lead songwriter, Noel Gallagher, was experiencing withdraw from numerous drugs and subsequent panic attacks after promising to himself that he would stop using them. This also led to significant changes in the style of his songwriting; changing from upbeat tunes with roaring guitars to deep, existential psycho-pop-rock.

    From the second I first saw the album cover, I was taken aback by the beautiful photo of NYC. From the angle that the photograph was taken, one immediately can tell that this album would be deep and thoughtful. The way that the city stretches on into the horizon to no visible end, juxtaposed with hustle-bustle of the city shown by the moving cars creates an atmosphere of contradiction, only to be increased by the moodiness of the deep, purple and blue color scheme of the photo. No Oasis album cover had ever looked like this before; normally they were photos of the band laying on a floor in a North England apartment or driving expensive cars into pools. Another though that came to mind when the photo is considered longer is that the photograph is of NYC. Oasis are a British band who have extensively made clear their displeasure with America, and in particular the American music scene. Why would they choose a photo of NYC for the cover? Something must be changing in Oasis.

    The album does not disappoint either; and after listening to the music in its entirety, one can understand the rational for the trippy, yet somehow inspiring album cover. This is because that is exactly what the album sounds like. Listen to “Where Did It All Go Wrong?” and tell me the album cover does not fit the mood of the song perfectly. You can’t, because it does.

    In conclusion, this album cover still ranks as one of my favorite of all time because simply put, Oasis nailed it. And if you ask me, I think they nailed the music on the album as well. And its sure as hell better that that crappy Wonderwall song.

  41. Kristin Snyder says:

    Allen Jones’ “Women Tables” are sculptures of women on their hands and knees holding up tables on their backs. They are dressed provocatively (or not dressed at all) and are in submissive poses. These sculptures are controversial because of how they seem to objectify and degrade women. Others praise the artist for his expertise at creating the human figure. The artist uses bold colors and glitter, which is fitting as he is a pop artist. I feel that the sculptures’ themes are sexuality and female identity. One of the sculptures has the woman looking into a mirror as she holds the table on her back. This expresses the theme of women realizing their positions and statuses in life. When I look at that particular piece (the one with the mirror) I feel that the woman sees and knows that she’s being objectified but cannot do anything about it. She is stuck in her position of inferiority. Because the artist uses elements like the mirror to illustrate his point I don’t find the pieces negative or offensive. I think it’s a positive meaning as realizing your position in life is the first step to possibly changing it or at least developing the desire to change. And even if one does not want to change their position, self-actualization and a sense of identity is still important to all humans.

  42. Alyssa van Doorn says:

    Walking into the exhibit, Modern Photographs from the Thomas Walther Collection at the MOMA I was surrounded by all white walls and hundreds of black and white photos placed strategically around the room at eye level. None of the photos particularly stuck out, as they were all about the same size, that being roughly 8.5 inches by 11 inches, as well they were all black and white. Two photographs did catch my attention though. Roman Karman’s Moscow Illuminations Celebrating the Tenth Anniversary of the Russian Revolution was the first. The photograph seems to be multiple images overlaid on each other. It makes it impossible for the viewer to see a full and complete image; rather we are forced to look at the shapes created and small pieces of larger images. The other thing I find very nice about the photo is that it was taken at night with a long exposure time, this caused the lights that were moving to be seen as lines rather than dots. It also seems that the ground was wet creating reflections and allowing the photographer to play even more with the light. The other photo I found fascinating is Cologne Kalkerfeld Settlement, Streetlight by Werner Mantz. The photo is very simple, a black door on a white wall with just the pole of a streetlight visible. On the white wall the shadow of the streetlight is projected, here we can actually see the lamp of the streetlight. I find the photo striking due to its simplicity and the presence of a shadow of something that is not visible in the photo.

  43. Nora Farghaly
    Critique #5

    Cinderella Table was created in Dewmakersvan, The Netherlands in established in 2004. IT was created by Jeroen Verhoeven, who is Dutch and was born in 1976.
    This table was a gift of Marie-Josee and Henry R. Kravis in the honor of Patricia Phelps de Cisneros in 2006.

    This table took traditional and advanced manufacturing techniques. The table has thin vertical sections that are made out of sheets or birch. Each slice of wood is hand glued together to create a beautiful design on the side of the table. The table seemed to be graphically planned and used digital drawings to help form the slices of birch to create the table.

    The Cinderella table evokes the sense of fantasy. It is a table out of a dollhouse. The gift is a gesture of excellence and strives for perfection. Your eye goes straight to the side of the table where its curves and edges begin and continue to the bottom of the tabletop. It symbolizes elegance.

  44. Alyssa van Doorn says:

    Rowan University’s art gallery is currently hosting Chromography: Writing in Color. This exhibit is composed of pieces by two artists Gerard Brown and Melinda Steffy. Both artists explore the link between communication and the visual arts. The piece I really took notice of is Brown’s You recognize how languages may become broken. The piece is pretty large, 44 in. X 56 in. The work is an acrylic painting on canvas. Most of the canvas is a black matte color with a glossy black and shades of red, and pink. The glossy black on the matte black creates an interesting composition that brings the viewer in. From a distance the difference in the blacks is not noticeable but when you get closer it is. The shades of red and pink pop on the black background. I find this piece the most aesthetically striking in the gallery. Painted on the canvas are three sided shapes in rows and columns, they appear to all be cubes with the top and two sides visible. On each face of the cubes are patterns, together the pattern and color it is painted in represents a letter. The letters make words and all together the painting is a poem. I find the pieces especially intriguing because the code Brown chose to use is from nautical signal flags. Haven taken fours years of naval science courses in high school I recognized the patterns used immediately, I knew the paintings are coded to mean something. Unfortunately I was not able to decode the paintings. When I attempted to make sense of the paintings I could not determine the order in which the faces were meant to be decoded thus I was left with a bunch of seemingly unconnected letters. I actually prefer not knowing exactly what the painting says though. The viewer is left to ponder its meaning, knowing the artist is saying something but unable to grasp exactly what that is.

  45. Alyssa van Doorn says:

    Design Experiments For The Common Good is an exhibit on display in the MOMA. This exhibit is meant to show off designs and products that are not only artistic but also practical and useful. One of the first pieces to be seen when walking into the gallery is Jessica Rozenkrant’s and Jesse Louis-Rosenberg’s Kinematics Dress. I was immediately drawn to the piece because I love fashion and the dress looked drastically different from any other piece of clothing I’ve ever seen. The entirely black dress has a lattice type pattern, looks to be made of plastic and hangs on a clear tube which is suspended in the air from two thin wires. The dress seems to be floating in the air. I believe this was done for two primary reasons one to highlight the dress with out any distractions such as a manikin. As well, I believe the dress “floating” is meant to mirror its modern design and the streamlined-contemporary feel of the whole exhibit. The dress was made using 3D printing technology; its “fabric” is small-tessellated-triangular pieces that fit together. The pieces can hinge which allows for movement and the appearance of drapery. The dress shows a marriage of art, fashion, technology, engineering and practicality. The exhibit shows the future and where new technologies can take us. If a dress can be printed what else can be? What new doors can the Internet and mechanics open?

  46. Justin Lavan says:

    The newest blockbuster currently in theaters is Furious 7. Being a big fan and seeing all the movies, naturally I was excited to see this one. If one were to go into this movie expecting the math and physics to be correct, about 5 minutes into the movie they would walk out in disgust. Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson’s character picks up a turret and walks around with it like it was a toy. However taking the film for its strict entertainment purpose I believe it did a fantastic job. It kept me watching throughout the whole movie trying to figure out what they would do with one of the main characters, played by Paul Walker. Since his death happened tragically while they were shooting this movie many people wondered how his storyline would play out, which I won’t give away. This movie felt like a very typical fast and furious movie. In other words, someone could just flip through the channels, look at a scene from this movie, and tell exactly which movie they are watching. All the key parts of a fast and furious movie were there, including outlandish action and fight scenes, scantily clad women, and ridiculously priced cars with amazing choreography. Although you know how the fight scenes will end, they keep you on your toes by not signaling when it will end. This is similar with the action sequences since they were fresh ideas and not cliché. The ending was very nicely wrapped up with emotion and although they will not end the series with this installment I believe that they should. I would recommend this movie to fans of the series, and anyone having a boring night looking for some entertainment.

  47. Dylan Maslowski says:

    Another fascinating exhibit from the Museum of Modern Art was the exhibit of Monet’s artwork – particularly his Water Lilies. Seeing another painting that I have already known of prior to the field trip certainly brought a slightly nostalgic and sentimental feeling to heart when I first laid eyes on it in the museum. The leader of the impressionist movement in France certainly left an impression (for lack of a better word) in my mind as well. Again it is the same situation as having seen Vincent Van Gogh’s work in the museum too – their reputation and sheer beauty of the artwork precedes them.

  48. Dylan Maslowski says:

    Visiting the Museum of Modern Art February 21st certainly had its memorable experiences. From the various exhibits of contemporary art to the legendary post-impressionist painters from the end of the 19th century, the museum itself was a very immersive experience. What stuck out the most to me was a very specific piece, one that has a tale to tell all its own – Van Gogh’s “Starry Night.” For me, the painting encompassed all the mythology that his works have gained throughout the years – it not only portrays a vast contrast between the dark city below and the beautifully illuminated sky above but it shows how one man can see beauty in the simplest of things. Although made a mere 13 months before Van Gogh’s death, “Starry Night” captures the essence of his works, seeing beauty in the normal and seeing light where this is darkness.

  49. Dylan Maslowski says:

    In a hole there lived a Hobbit, and in light of the recent movie nights at Rowan, I’m choosing to do a review on the final installment of the Lord of the Rings prequel trilogy – The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies. Picking up where “The Desolation of Smaug” left off, with the vicious dragon Smaug homing in on Lake Town as Bilbo & Thorin’s Company looked on. The movie jumps right into the action with its trademark over the top battle sequences and satisfies with plenty of references to the original trilogy to win over die-hard fans. For anyone that’s a fan of the Lord of the Rings or Hobbit movies, or just fantasy and action movies in general, The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies is a must see.

  50. Dylan Maslowski says:

    While all of us eagerly await the summer blockbuster season (and more specifically the triumphant return of The Avengers) from a movie goer’s perspective there may be very few things worth watching in theatres. However one movie stuck out to me amidst the shades of grey that plagued movie theatres since Valentine’s Day – Kingsman: The Secret Service. Following Gary “Eggsy” Unwin – whose secret agent father was K.I.A. – it shows how his horrible home life led to his recruitment into the Kingsmen, one of the most secret of gentleman spy agencies. This movie not only touches on the roots of the spy movie genre (Anything Bond, Bourne, or Bauer) but also embraces a slightly British comedic touch. I’d highly recommend this movie for anyone who desires action, drama, and a slightly off color sense of humor in their movies.

  51. Nick Eusebi says:

    Many of the pieces of art at the MOMA were older than I am, most of them actually. The amazing thing about all of the pieces of art was that I was still able to relate to what the artwork was trying to give the viewer. Even though I was younger than these pieces of art, I was still able to find a common ground between me and the art. I thought that is was going to be difficult to be able to find a meaning in many of the pieces that were shown at the MOMA. However I was very wrong because I was able to grasp some meaning for many of the pieces of art. There were also some newer pieces that I was able to relate to because they had more modern logos that were on display. One of these was the Google maps pin logo. Nearly everyone in today knows what this is because it is a key component of using Google Maps to travel to places unknown. Another one was the IEC Power Symbol. To many this may seem like nothing, but to those who own an Xbox 360 know that it functions as the power button to the system. The green light coming from the ring means good to go but if it turns red the console may not work anymore. Sometimes different people interpret each piece of art which is what makes each piece so unique to each person.

  52. Emily Eppolite says:

    I went into the student art exhibit on the second floor of Westby recently. The exhibit featured a number of drawings, paintings, and jewelry pieces created by a Rowan student. Snakes and blond women were the unifying theme of this exhibit. Drawings of a blond woman interacting with snakes in colored pencil, ink and paint featured prominently. The artist’s choice to use these three mediums in order to render a single image is an interesting one. The characters with colored pencil skin and ink hair, exhibit a quality of contrast. The ink hair is bold, flat and colorful. The colored pencil skin is less bold allowing the enthuses to remain on inked parts of the image, however it also gives the parts of the image in which it is used a sense of depth and three-dimensional shape which inked portions lack. Painted backgrounds create a textured backdrop against which the ink and colored pencil foregrounds stand out. The description of the exhibit posted on the wall, has informed me that, in these images, the blond woman pictured represents the artist. The snake represents a comfort from anxiety. The artist’s choice to render her images in such a way that certain portions of the drawing stand out against one and other is inspired by stained glass and religious art. Overall, I found the exhibit to be enjoyable and visually interesting. The image of a snake devouring the blond woman’s severed bloody head, and the image of a large, phallic, snake emerging from the blond woman’s throat and open mouth, however, seem to embody anxiety. This imagery coupled with the works’ stylistic connection to religious art, suggests an Atom and Eve narrative, particularly since one of the images portrays the blond woman as nude (Just as Eve was before eating the apple in the story of Adam and Eve.)

  53. Amber Busher says:

    At the Museum of Modern Art, one piece really intrigued me. Honestly, it wasn’t much of anything, just some words on a white wall. It was titled, “A wall pitted by a single air rifle shot” and created by Lawrence Weiner. I originally read the large black words on the wall and began looking for a hole in the wall made by a rifle. I looked around for about ten minutes and realized there was simply not one there. Upon reading the description of the piece, I realized it was simply the words on the wall. The artist deemed his work could be presented as either just the words, or as a “physical manifestation” of the words themselves. I found the whole concept to be very poetic. Poetry is a big part of my life and the symbolism of Weiner’s art intrigues me a lot. Words can be meant to represent something that is not even present. Once I figured out the meaning, I loved how it could be conveyed as a physical representation as well. I think it had more of an impact on me because it was the wording though. The symbolism is what made me love it. It was one of my favorite pieces and I love that it could be interpreted in more than one way.

  54. Mary-Grace Testa says:

    On March 12th, I visited the Westby student gallery; I decided to go back because I found the last exhibit I visited there, by Melissa Silvestri, very interesting. When I visited, Devon Carney’s exhibit on wings was beings displayed. the piece that immediately grabbed by attention was the giant black wings on the back wall. I liked that the piece was so prominently displayed because I noticed it as soon as I entered the room and immediately had an idea of what this exhibit was about. I walked over to the wings to take a closer look. Between the two black wings, which were mounted on the white wall, were the words “Try Me” in dark, script letters. This was definitely a thought provoking piece; perhaps the piece is daring us to be fearless, imagine the impossible, or maybe even attempt to fly? To be honest, I was a little confused about the true meaning of the piece, but the explanation the artist gave for the gallery opened my eyes and made me appreciate his work even more. Carney conveyed that he has been inspired by wings since reading a book about children with wings. He goes on to explain how he is fascinated by the fact that everyone can related to wings in some way because they can have so many different meanings and such a wide range of significance for different people. To be honest, I was pretty excited that I actually understood the real meaning of the piece! I love that Carney’s exhibit aims to reach out to people and relate on many different levels.

  55. Sarah Weitzman says:

    Broadchurch is a British TV crime drama that aired in March of 2013. The first season focused on the murder of an 11-year old boy and its impact on the small, close-knit town. The show brings attention to the affects of grief, suspicion and media attention to the town. I just recently watched all of season one on Netflix, and I was instantly hooked within the first five minutes. Because this is a British TV show, I have to wait for the next season to air on Netflix. Broadchurch is an amazing show. It is beautifully shot, acted, and edited. The soundtrack to the series is also great. They do a really good job of showing the audience how the media acts towards a family in tragedy from the family’s point of few. While you are watching, you keep trying to figure out who murdered Daniel Latimer. They make most of the characters seem suspicious in Daniel’s death, but once you find out each of their background stories, they don’t seem suspicious anymore. Once you find out who the killer is, you can’t believe that you didn’t see it the whole time. The show is so well written and shot in a beautiful location. I can’t wait until season two is on Netflix and I’m sure it will be just a beautiful, emotional, and well done as the first season.

  56. Greg VanOmmeren says:

    Friends, students, juvenile delinquents, lend me your ears!*

    Since 1999, I have been an avid fan of the television show SpongeBob Squarepants. I have spent countless hours watching and talking about SpongeBob, even to the point of memorizing episode transcripts. One of the ways I actually have bonded the most with my father was watching SpongeBob together each week on Saturday mornings at 9am. I recently got the first 100 episodes (first 200 segments) of SpongeBob Squarepants on DVD, which I think is one of the greatest investments I have ever made. So when I heard that a new SpongeBob movie was coming out, I was excited. However, since around 2007, I felt that the show had started to get a little dry and was running out of fresh and comedic ideas. SpongeBob had once been filled with natural comedy through clever wit and snappy puns that were highbrow, but now mainly used stupidity and idiocy to artificially create comedy to appeal to the lowbrow. That being said, I wanted to see the new movie, Sponge Out of Water, but I was afraid that it might detract even more from the show. Despite this, I saw the movie in theatres with my friends in February.

    Many have asked me to describe the movie and asked if I liked it. It is difficult to answer both of these questions. For those of you who haven’t seen the movie yet, this will contain some spoilers – so be warned! The best way I can describe the movie is a contemporary fusion between SpongeBob and pop culture. I enjoyed that the movie occasionally referenced old episodes. I also liked that the movie parodied other movies/ideas, such as Mad Max. The interesting part of this movie was that some of it was typical SpongeBob cartoon, while the rest was “live-action” and took place in the real world; this is somewhat similar to the first SpongeBob movie from 2004. I felt that while the movie was cartoony, it felt like the older SpongeBob show filled with clever puns, parodies, and good comedy. For example, the first 10 minutes of the movie was a battle scene that had me laughing out loud pretty hard. However, as soon as the movie turned into “live-action” and the real world, I felt like the newer SpongeBob was prevalent in appealing to the lowbrow through artificial comedy.

    Overall, I felt like I was watching several movies, each with different plots. At times I felt like I was watching a Marvel superhero movie, while at other times an apocalypse movie, and some with even stranger plots, like when SpongeBob and Patrick literally destroy the planets Jupiter and Saturn (how can you destroy gaseous planets???). The movie ended with an epic rap battle between seagulls and a pirate (what?!?!). I did appreciate at the very end of the movie how they linked it back to the original television show.

    In conclusion, I feel that since around 2007 the television show SpongeBob Squarepants has declined in both quality and comedy to please tasteless viewers. It appears that instead of the show retaining its comedic integrity and ingenuity, it has conformed to please the average person in society like so many other shows that are mundane and tasteless these days. Despite this, I will still thoroughly enjoy the glory days of SpongeBob. Regarding the new movie: I would say watch the movie on Netflix for free when it comes out, but don’t expect anything spectacular or hilarious like the old show was.

    * Quoted from SpongeBob episode “Hall Monitor”, Season One

  57. Things at Rowan University’s Lab Theatre got a little bit melancholy on March 6th with Matt Weil’s production of “Melancholy Play,” a farce written by playwright Sarah Ruhl. Centered around Tilly, the play explores the human attraction to sadness and our sometimes deliberate aversion to happiness. Bank teller Tilly is sad, so sad it is beautiful, causing everyone who encounters her to fall in love with Tilly, including Frank the tailor; Frances, the lesbian hairdresser, and her partner Joan; and Lorenzo, Tilly’s psychiatrist from an unspecified European country. As soon as Tilly finds happiness, she is no longer attractive. And did I mention the play ends with everyone turning into almonds after drinking Tilly’s tears? “Melancholy Play” was quirky and endearing, with some parts making you cry from laughter and other parts just making you cry. Nick Ware as Lorenzo gave a standout performance, balancing the eccentricities of an unspecified European with strong acting choices. His physicality was over the top in a good way, with his excessive use of his hands mirroring the Italian stereotype, and his accent, a conglomeration of Spanish, Italian, French, and who knows what else was hysterical, consistent, and completely understandable, which is no easy feat. Molly Jo Gifford as Tilly gave the character a wide eyed innocence, balanced with a little salt with Molly Jo’s well timed sarcastic line deliveries. She was soft spoken at times, making her a little difficult to understand, however. One of my favorite aspects of the production was its aesthetic appeal. Dana Melnyk’s simple set design of 7 various sized and styled windows, a chaise lounge, and a table with two chairs allowed the space to evolve to various locations such as a salon, café, bedroom, and so on without cluttering the space, giving the actors room to play. Adding to the atmosphere was the sound design of Carolina Hooper on a cello, whose music and plucking elevated the moods of the scenes and perfectly punctuated some of the jokes. The monochromatic costuming with accents of purple, minus Tilly’s purple sundress, highlighted the melancholic state of the characters; later, the characters’ purple pieces transformed to yellow as they each found happiness. Matt Weil’s “Melancholy Play” was smart, sweet, funny, and a bright yellow spot of sunshine among the winter gloom.

  58. Larry Keigwin revived his 2009 piece “Megalopolis” at West Chester University as part of the ACDA festival. With stark lighting and a pulsing, electric beat, “Megalopolis” is thirteen minutes of driving energy. Dressed in metallic black and blue futuristic costumes, a veritable army of dancers cross the stage in small, interconnected groups with deliberate and precise movement. The work is reminiscent of a city club scene, and the dancers travel across the stage by way of rhythmic and swift movement. The music for Megalopolis consists of Steve Reich’s “Sextet-Six Marimbas,” recorded by Manhattan Marimba Quartet, Steve Reich & Musicians, and excerpts from MIA’s “World Town” and “XR2” which created a jarring juxtaposition when MIA would suddenly punctuate the marimbas; this also mirrored the abrupt voguing and acrobatic solos that burst out of the synchronized group movements. While this dance was an entertaining, high energy, and crowd pleasing number, at the end of the day it left me unfulfilled. It felt like a jelly donut without the jelly. The donut casing showcased impressive feats of unison and stock dance moves like switch side splits and crazy turns at high speeds. But the extreme technical precision of the dance did not mask the lack of substance to the piece. The dancers seemed like nothing more than robots, which in itself could have spoken to the mundane, cyclical nature of city life had the dance been in complete unison. However, the random solos throughout the work muddled the meaning. All in all, “Megalopolis” was great entertainment and a perfect example of technicality and synchronization in dance, but I wish more intention had been injected into a very well composed dance.

  59. Tatiana Hassan, an MFA Temple University student, presented her choreographic work “The Final Cycle” at West Chester University as part of the American College Dance Association Festival on March 14th, 2015. The piece began with a performer, dressed in rainbow bright clothing splotched with large black spots, undressing to begin her laundry. As she exits the stage, six dancers dressed each as large versions of the woman’s outfit, scurry onstage to begin their final wash cycle. What followed was 8 minutes of side splitting, outrageous, and over the top theatrical dancing as the six articles of clothing cartwheeled and flip flopped their way to getting clean, representing the nature of human catharsis through the lens of the five cycles of a washing machine. In the end, all the articles were hung up to dry, except for a lone sock, showing how no one can spotlessly clean away something from their being. Hassan’s choreographic approach was brilliant, infusing improvisational structures with set movement phrases and choreographing even the performers’ melodramatic facial expressions which allowed her cartoonish aesthetic to shine through. Her choice of using washing machine sounds as her sound score provided a simple background that balanced the clownish action of the dance, and the dancers all rose to the challenge of taking these cartoon characters and combining it with their impressive dance technique.

  60. Kristin Snyder says:

    The Virgin Suicides (1999) is a movie written and directed by Sofia Coppola. The movie is about a seemingly average, American, suburban family and I don’t want to give too much away but the title of the movie tells a lot. The movie is narrated through the eyes of a group of neighborhood boys that become obsessed with the family’s daughters. This is interesting because you never really know what is going on as the viewer, you only know what the boys know and have to figure things out as they do. The tone of the movie is dark, eerie and at times very wistful. It’s a story of teenagers trying to figure out life and many of the scenes leave you unsure of how to feel because of the mix of sadness, etherealness, and “relatableness”. We have all been teenagers trying to cope with life, death and all of the ugly and beautiful parts in between. The composition of the shots and the hazy 60s-70s filter of the film is eerie at the right times and yet always dreamy and nostalgic. The film really captures the aesthetic of the 70s from the costuming to the soundtrack to the sets, again adding to the nostalgic tones. The themes of the movie are sad and dark (suicide, teenage angst, loss of innocence) but the movie is still somehow enjoyable and leaves you with more questions than answers.

  61. Marcel Briguglio says:

    While visiting the Museum of Modern Art, I saw a piece a very small piece of artwork. It was a very peculiar piece of the Mona Lisa with a mustache. I read the description and it was called L.H.O.O.Q by Marcel Duchamp. This piece was a postcard with a recreation of the Mona Lisa by Leonardo Di Vinci that was modified to black and white and had a mustache. The title of the piece is from the subscription at the bottom of the letters L.H.O.O.Q. As it was on a postcard it was very small and the color was in black and white. As Duchamp was part of the Dada movement, was seen as wanting what change what art was, away from the traditional sense and expand what people consider art. Duchamp and the Dada movement took off after WWI after people saw the terrible conditions left, and blamed logic in society. L.H.O.O.Q is seen as an attack on the Mona Lisa and by extension, traditional art. The meaning of this piece was to show the reinvention of a very well-known artwork. He did this as a parody and a mockery of the original Mona Lisa. He was rebelling against a cornerstone of old, famous, revered painting and showing that art did not have to be what you believed.

  62. Sarah Weitzman says:

    A few weeks ago, Eddie Redmayne won the Oscar for Best Actor for his role as Stephen Hawking in the film, The Theory of Everything. After watching the movie, I am amazed at his acting and think he deserved the Oscar one hundred percent. The Theory of Everything is about Stephen Hawking and his battle with progressive motor neuron disease. He was given two years to live. The film follows the progression of the disease and Stephen’s life way past his expected two years. The film starts off with Stephen at school and shows the development of the disease very well. At first, it’s not noticeable that something is wrong with his health. Then, he starts to drop his pen, knock over a coffee mug, and has difficulty climbing stairs or running. Then, one day he fell and hit his head, which started the discovery of his progressive motor neuron disease. The rest of the film follows his life and progression of the disease. I think the whole film flows really well, but sometimes it wasn’t clear how much time had passed between each event. Sometimes, the only way to tell time had passed was to see how old the children were in each scene. Other than that, I really liked this movie. If I didn’t know that Eddie Redmayne was acting as Stephen Hawking, they could have fooled me that it was Stephen himself.

  63. Amber Busher says:

    In my hall lounge, we had a “Coffeehouse Hour” where students living in our building could perform any kind of musical act that they liked. It was set up to have string lights, coffee, and some other light refreshments. Starting at 10pm, it was the perfect end to a busy day. Six different groups performed, with varying performances including guitar, piano, violin, and even the otonotome, a new electronic musical instrument with a small creature at the bottom. Many people don’t appreciate the aspect of live music; they just see the value in music on the radio or their favorite band. Seeing the live performances by my peers made me see just how great an impact live music can make. The performers played all different styles of music and it was very eye opening. Six different people living in one small dorm can have such a diverse taste in music, and it really is amazing. I appreciated how open people were to sharing their talents instead of shying away from them. The whole experience just made me really happy because music allows the soul to understand what words cannot say. Overall, the Coffeehouse in Mullica Lounge was an exciting night that really opened my eyes to an aspect of musical artistry that I haven’t put much thought into previously.

  64. Mary-Grace Testa says:

    In my last review, I discussed a work from Melissa Silvestri’s exhibition; because I am so fascinated by the concept of modeling her gallery after her dreams, I have decided to discuss another one of her works this week. The piece I discussed previously, “Transcendence,” was clearly a depiction of a peaceful, fun, light-hearted dream; I know this because of her use of various shades of yellow in the work. The other piece which stood out to me was “Stay,” which was very different from “Transcendence.” “Stay” is an 18” x 24” oil on canvas painting depicting a wolf in the wilderness at night. Although the painting has a much darker feel, I love how the color combinations come together in the work, and, fittingly, the painting’s color definitely gives it a dream-like feel. The background of the picture is the deep blue and black sky, and although it is dark, it has a sort of shine and depth to it. The sky is complimented by the brightest part of the painting, the green grass, which is mostly a darker forest green but also has some elements of brighter greens. I thoroughly enjoy how the artist depicted the setting of the main focus of her work, the wolf in the forest. The trees are a lighter brown and fade darker and darker, causing them to nearly blend into the dark sky. This gives the picture perspective and illustrates the massive size of the forest and the idea that so much of what is contained in the depths of the forest is unknown. The focal point of the painting is the wolf, which is beautifully painted. Most of its body is in blue, separating is from the dark forest behind it and giving it a glow. The wolf’s white eyes drew me in, and give the wolf a somewhat threatening, but more of a capturing feel. In addition to the beauty of the painting itself, “Wolf” makes me wonder about the dream which inspired the work. It is possible that the painting is inspired by a frightening nightmare about Silvestri’s encounter with a wolf; however, I think is is more likely that the dream was more focussed on an exciting adventure, although creepy, through a forest at night.

  65. Nick Eusebi says:

    Two of the most memorable pieces that I saw while at the Museum of Modern Art were the Starry Night by Vincent Van Gogh and The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali. These two paintings are two of the very well-known paintings ever created. From a young age these were two of the paintings that were always shown in an art class. The paintings were always magnificent to view and interpret however this was only through pictures online, never in person. Since these paintings were so highly acclaimed, I imagined them each being a very large painting. Upon viewing them in person, I was shocked and slightly disappointed at first. After some research, the painting by Salvador Dali was only 9.5 in. by 13 in. Van Gogh’s painting is larger at 29 in. by 36.25 in. but it still smaller compared to how astounding its reputation is. I felt so large just observing them for the time that I did. I almost felt cheated but they were still amazing to be able to see in person. What I’m left wondering now is how did these two artists paint with such great detail on small canvases. Both of these paintings have a great amount of detail contained on the canvas it was painted on. The Persistence of Memory is slightly larger than a sheet of paper but has such a great amount of intricate details that it gives a greater appreciation for the art work because of the limited space the artist had to work with. Both of these pieces demonstrated why Van Gogh and Dali were great artists because of the limited space that they had to work on and how much detail they were able to put into it.

  66. Labeeqa Mir says:

    Claude Monet is one of my favorite artists. Going to a room filled with his artwork at the MoMA was a fantastic experience. The main painting that stood out was his famous Water Lilies painting. I never realized the painting is so large. It covers three large canvases and fills a whole wall in the room. I instantaneously became mesmerized with the painting. He captured the essence of sitting by a pond. The mixtures of blue and white with a hint of pink made the atmosphere feel serene as if was actually sitting near a pond and gazing at the beautiful scene. I stood in the Monet room staring at the painting for quite a while. However, when I decided it was time to leave his room, on my way out something caught my eye. It was Monet’s painting, The Japanese Footbridge. However, this painting created a very dark atmosphere. It was composed of browns, red and orange which are mostly associated with anger. Furthermore, the bridge was almost indistinguishable. This version of the bridge gives a completely different vibe to his earlier work on the same bridge which gives more of a serene vibe like the water lilies. It would have been nice if at least one of his earlier paintings with the footbridge was in the museum, so one could compare the two. Overall, Monet’s artwork that was presented in the MoMA was fantastic. I would definitely recommend going to that room if one goes to the MoMA.

  67. John Haer says:

    During our class’s trip to the Museum of Modern Art in New York several weeks ago, we were instructed to be sure to check out the Thomas Walther Photography collection. The collection consisted of a large number of photographs from the namesake’s personal collection dating from 1909 to 1949. While the sheer number of photographs in the collection was rather overwhelming, a handful of photographs stood out to me. One such photo was Humanly Impossible (Self Portrait), by Herbert Bayer. The photo appears to show Bayer shirtless with one arm raised with his hand on his head, with a portion of his arm missing. In Bayer’s other hand, is the missing chunk of his arm. Additionally, Bayer is also expressing a shocked look on his face, likely due to the large chunk of his arm having been removed from the rest of the arm. While looking at the photographs in the gallery, this work didn’t initially catch my eye, but I did a double take when I realized that he was holding a piece of his arm. The technique used to perform this is still baffling to me, as the name of the piece says, this should be humanly impossible. A photograph like this seems like it would be a simple task using modern tools like photoshop, but how this was done in 1932 when the photo was taken baffles me. The description of the photo provides no real information about how it was done, but it does briefly mention how this photo reflects the surrealist and dada styles of that time. This is quite clear as compared to many of the other photographs in this collection, this particular piece is quite shocking and unusual.

  68. Marcel Briguglio says:

    On Saturday the 21st I traveled to the Museum of Modern Art and saw a particular exhibit that I enjoyed. The exhibit Uneven Growth: Tactical Urbanism for Expanding Megacities was by far my favorite exhibit of the MoMA. This exhibit goal was to showcase small scale design strategies of smaller cities and how they can be applied to larger metropolises like New York, Mumbai, Hong Kong, Rio de Janeiro, and Istanbul. The exhibit also showed failings of growth in current cities have caused humanitarian problems and economic inequality. The purpose of this exhibit is to show how megacities can deal with these increasing populations and reduce the social and economic inequality in these cities. The idea that the author is trying to get across is that it is possible to have sustainable major cities.
    The exhibit itself was one that exemplified a major concept of many of the successful concepts used to deal with population growth; maximization of space. The walls of the small scale designs are not flat they are rounded; this maximizes the surface area or space of the wall. This nonconventional design of these walls is a dichotomy of the traditional wasteful flat walls used for the metropolises and emphasizes to solve the problem that the thinking to solve the problem of overpopulation needs to be unconventional and old methods of architecture cannot solve the problem. Also the use of size in the exhibit is to show how much of a problem economic inequality is in these cities. The information is plasted to the walls making you seem read up to it, this gives the impression that is overbearing and more important than you. This makes the impression that the information is more important than you and that this is a serious problem that needs urgent attention.

  69. Justin Lavan says:

    Christina’s world by Andrew Wyeth is a work of art that shows a young woman in a large field crawling towards a farm house in the distance. This painting was created after Andrew’s father died. His emotion is seen through the very dark and dreary theme of the painting. The piece is two and a half by four feet in size. The size is important because approximately 75% of the painting is grass with the rest being a gloomy sky, and a small farm house in the distance. The distant house and the sky coupled with Christina reaching out for the house, accurately portray the hardship of living on a farm with a muscular disease. Christina is the only item in the portrait that is being hit by light and made up of vibrant color, causing her to stick out from the bland background. The attention to detail in the grass is astounding, with each blade meticulously drawn to look realistic. The frame is very close to the color of the grass as to not distract the viewer’s eye. It was drawn in 1949 when the polio epidemic was at its peak, and showed that polio effected not just people in the city but also in rural areas. (At this time many people fled the city to the suburbs to try and protect their family.) Therefore this painting would be considered a narrative or documentary. I knew this was a famous peace and I was appalled that it was not in a gallery but in a staircase. Especially since it is considered an American icon.

  70. Greg VanOmmeren says:

    While at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City (for my first time!), I came across the painting “Collective Suicide” created by David Alfaro Siqueiros in 1936. It was made from “lacquer on wood with applied sections.” The painting gives off an ominous and dark feeling. The colors used to create it are characterized by dark hues and clash with some lighter colors. At first glance the painting appears to be a pit surrounded by dark cliffs and mountains. When I took a closer look I almost felt like I was looking at the entrance to hell. A deep, dark pit was surrounded by jagged cliffs and plateaus. Two prominent plateaus, on the left and right of the pit, showed grotesque scenes of fighting, bloodshed, torture, and death. People were casting themselves into the pit, and volcanic mountains framed the background of the painting. People on the left plateau appeared to be fighting and committing suicide using swords and spears, while one man on the right plateau was kneeling before a broken statue with an army on horseback behind him. My interpretation was that an enemy army invaded, brutally killed the local populace, and destroyed their homes and land. The description next to the painting revealed what Siqueiros’ purpose of the painting was. He was portraying the horrible invasion and conquest of Mexico by Spain and the brutalities inflicted on the native Mexican population by the Spanish invaders. The people throwing themselves into the pit were committing suicide so they would not have to be enslaved by the Spaniards. The kneeling man and broken statue represent how native Mexican tradition and culture was shattered by the Spanish conquest. I really enjoy works of art that portray an artist’s point of view or impression of society and historical events. This painting reminded me of Pablo Picasso’s Guernica, another grotesque and provocative work of art that shows the horrors and brutality of war. Collective Suicide was one of my favorite pieces that I viewed at the Museum of modern Art.

  71. Kristin Snyder says:

    The projection piece (name unknown) from Oslo 2009 by Jenny Holzer is created by lights projecting large words onto a dark background that is hard to discern. The words read:
    These words are projected onto a hill with what looks like slides or ramps in the background. I think the piece is unsettling just because of the large scale and the content of the words. I interpret the words to be about hope and losing hope over time. I like the piece because I feel that it is relatable and everyone gets hopeless at times. The words bend as they move down the slope of the hill, causing them to be more and more blurred. So the last line “KILLED THEM” is the most blurred and distorted which represents how the story gets darker. The photograph of this projection was taken at night and everything is black and white to make the words stand out. The slopes in the background are lit as well and there is a lot of contrast in the picture overall. I am a fan of Jenny Holzer and although I don’t always consciously understand the meanings, it always makes me feel a certain way so it is reaching me on some level which I feel is just as important.

  72. Nora Farghaly
    Critique #4

    Swifts: Paths of Movement + Dynamic Sequences was created in 1913 by Giacomo Balla. It is currently on display at the MoMA in New York, New York. The piece is oil on canvas and was purchased in 1949.

    Many scientist studied movement and speed. Balla is a founding member of Futurism and spent much of his career studying the dynamics of those. The painting shows wavelegths of motion, wings of a bird and even a bird body all in one painting. He is definitely into the study of momentum, movement and paths of animals and portrays that within his work.

    This painting symbolizes the movements of a bird and what looks to be showing all different positions of trajectory motion. You can see the bird in motion. The painting explains science. He seems to be interested in nature and how animals move within the air.

    The painting is roughly 36 inches by 48 inches. The lines of the bird flying seem to show its path. The geometric background behind what seems to be the bosy of the bird draws in the attention of the viewer to see the wings of the bird and way it is moving. The painting is framed and the colors draw you in to look at the deeper image–the movement of the bird.

  73. Nora Farghaly
    Critique #3

    Soil Ornamented with Vegetation, Dead Leaves, Pebbles, Diverse Debris was created in 1956. It is on display at the MoMA in New York, New York. By covering everyday objects with oil paint and imprinting their textures onto a canvas, Dubuffet incorporated the little things and smaller fragments to create the bigger picture of nature.

    At first the piece seems to be just a high quality wall paper. Until you get closer you can see all different mosaic tiles of nature from leaves to pebbles to glass and more. The artist wanted to invoke the importance in the little things. They say the little things mean the most. In nature, this is a recurring theme. The imprints from leaves, the change in seasons the way things come and go are portrayed in this piece. The artist seems to be in one with nature. He seems to respect nature and want to show its beauty and importance.

    We are surrounded by nature constantly. The piece brings us back to what we know–the imprints of leaves, texture of pebbles, sand and other natural resources we come into contact with almost daily. The piece shows the relation of all aspects of nature from trees to sand on the beaches to rocks from mountains to your eyes all at once.

  74. Emily Eppolite says:

    I enjoy watching The Big Bang Theory. Its right up there with Sienfeld and Malcom in the Middle as one of those rare TV sitcoms that I find genuinely enjoyable and funny. In general I feel that TV sitcoms are boring, lazy, stupid, badly written, and insulting to the intelligence of the audience that they market to. However, I don’t feel this way about The Big Bang Theory. Why? The Big Bang Theory, certainly fits into the genre of TV sitcom. Its got a laugh tack. Plots are character and dialogue based, taking place in ordinary everyday places, like the Chinese restaurant and Leonard’s apartment. I suppose The Big Bang Theory can be used to show how the conventions of this genre, can, when used intelligently, be an extremely effective backdrop for good story telling. Humor in this series explores a group of friends interested in academia and science fiction. Various stereotypes surrounding “nerd” culture give this group of friends a unique flavor which sets them apart from the standard cliques typically present in the TV sitcom formula (for example Jerry, George, Elaine and Cramer from Sienfield or Eric Forman and his friends in That 70’s show). The humor of The Big Bang Theory is successful because it is derived from an accurate representation of how people behave in groups. The bonds between characters grow and develop the same way that real relationships do in life. A social hierarchy is established, one which is occasionally challenged, and which rearranges itself in predictable ways when one or more members of the group are not present. Visually, the Big Bang Theory is very interesting. Sets employ bright colors. The apartments of various characters reflect those character’s interests and personalities. Also, many conversations take place as characters walk up and down a winding stairscase which leads to Leonard’s and Penny’s apartments. I thought that this visual choice was particularly clever, because it gives you the feeling that characters are going about mundane activities while a dialogue based plot unfolds in the foreground. The elevator, which this staircase wraps around is always shown to be out of order. It has yellow “out of order” tape wrapped around it at all times and throughout the series. I didn’t notice this detail at first, but it is a clever one. Characters must always take the stairs because the elevator is perpetually out of order.

  75. Emily Eppolite says:

    I recently watched a movie called The Theory of Everything. Its about the life of Steven Hawking. I thought that this film might be an interesting topic for photography class, because it has a unique visual style which contributes greatly to its tone and overall enjoyableness. The film utilizes many beautiful, intricate, well lit settings. The picture quality is soft to the point of almost being blurry, which I think contributes to the feeling of dreamlike reflection that I believe the director may have been going for. Instrumentals in this movie are relaxing, again contributing to the dreamlike ambiance. This was an enjoyable movie and as a piece of art, I think that it is a stunning success, however, as an accurate record of Steven Hawking’s life experiences, I believe this movie falls short. The story focuses on Steven Hawking’s relationship with his ex-wife. Very little screen time is given to the woman who I believe he is currently with. Additionally, actors who are supposed to represent Steven Hawking and the people in his life, throughout the course of his life, are not realistically aged. Steven Hawking and his ex-wife remain young and hot right up to the end (when two of their children are shown to be adults). This visual choice, causes me to doubt the accuracy of all other “facts” presented. I believe that the director’s choice to keep Steven Hawking young and attractive throughout the course of the movie, was made in hopes that good-looking actors pictured in the trailer would move tickets. This was probably a good decision from the stand point of making money, however, it was a bad decision from the standpoint of telling a story with historical credibility.

  76. Justin Lavan says:

    Starry Night by Vincent Van Gough has been my beloved work of art since reading a book called Art Dog by Thacher Hurd, back when I was six or seven. Since I thought most of his artwork was in France or his Dutch home country, I was floored to witness it. The painting is oil based and is two and a half by three feet. I believe the painting was the same size as his cell window, as it was made during his asylum stay after cutting off his ear. The focus of the painting is a Cyprus bush in the foreground blocking the view of the village. Interestingly, parts of this work are imaginary, since the village could not be observed from his window. The moon is also artistic, since astrological records show the moon was in a different phase at the time. Although this is one of his best known pieces, he did not adore it, stating that the stars appeared too fake. This work does not have a charged message as it was part of a series of paintings involving stars over objects such as cities and rivers. I believe the greatest story behind Starry Night is the fact that the turbulence is mathematically correct. After studying numerous other impressionist paintings, scientists found that Van Gough was the only painter to accurately depict the natural phenomena, since at his time there was little to no information on the topic. However it only occurred during his psychosis period.

  77. Amber Busher says:

    At the Museum of Modern Art, a painting by Anselm Kiefer, Wooden Room, caught my attention. It is a very monotonous painting, with a very natural, simple color palette. The lines are very crisp, and the painting is angled upwards to draw the eye towards the back of the room. While very boxy and crude, the painting portrays an empty room entirely made of wood. It is so lifelike, I felt as if I could walk into the room. What really intrigues me about this piece is the naturalistic aspects of it, and how simple, yet intricate it is. The wood grain and knots in the boards on the floor tell a story about each tree that the boards came from. Not one is alike. I could imagine this painting being in my house, and looking at it would transport me to a calm, simple place. While it may not be aesthetically pleasing to many, its simplicity and meticulous attention to detail calm my usually anxious mind. While it is an empty room, the windows on the far wall portray hope and light. It is not just a room to me, but a place where everything is okay; it’s almost like a haven. I can picture myself writing love poems on a winter day in this room. It really appeals to my love of nature and brings my mind much ease and clarity to look at it. I am very happy to have seen it in the museum.

  78. Joshua Whiting says:

    The Wolf of Wall Street is a 2013 movie all about the story of Jordan Belfort who is played by the actor Leonardo DiCaprio. It tells the story of how Jordan went from a crappy entry level job as a phone dialer to a founder and owner of his own investing firm called Stratton Oakmont. By teaming up with what some call a “merry band of brokers” Belfort is able to get insanely rich by defrauding the members of the top 1% of wealthy Americans. This movie is not all about business however, there is a lot of drug use and insanity. There are prostitutes and some degradation in certain scenes of people of slight stature and other groups. Also the F bomb was dropped an insane amount of times, 506 times to be exact. This movie definitely isn’t for the sleight of heart. If you like action movies that have a lot of twists and turns and interesting nuances to discover after repeat viewings, this is the movie for you. It is somewhat nerve wracking to imagine that people claim that this movie is going to lead to a generation full of blood thirsty brokers who only care about the money and don’t care about actually helping any of their clients. I do not believe this however, because the movie shows how this lifestyle and way of life ultimately led to Jordan’s downfall and is what caused him to lose everything that mattered in his life. Overall this is a great movie that actually has a purpose if you look hard enough, but isn’t so overbearing that it is fun to watch multiple times over.

  79. John Haer says:

    Visiting the Museum of Modern Art this past weekend was a rather overwhelming experience, as I had never been there before. The number of pieces of art there was rather overwhelming and I think I would need to spend countless more hours in order to see everything that the MoMA had to offer. While there, several pieces stood out to me, one of the one’s that most interested me was One: Number 31 by Jackson Pollack. What first struck me was the scale of the painting, it seemed to take up the entire wall the work was on. In the past, I had heard of Pollack and had seen several of his works online but I was unimpressed. To me, it just seemed like a bunch of random paint chucked at a canvas and to claim it was art was rather pretentious. However, in person, you get a much better perspective of the work. You could see how the splatters of paint were actually arranged in a much more intricate patterns. The seemingly random chaos of all the paint is mesmerizing. Another detail that is not really seen when looking at Pollack’s pieces virtually is the texture of the painting. The way the paint is splattered all across the work is very intriguing to look at. The fact that all the paint overlaps other colors in various patterns seems to give the work a rather interesting depth that provides for a completely different experience than if not seen in person. Seeing this piece in person ended up giving me a new perspective on Pollack’s work, I now no longer see it as joke played off as art, but rather just as art.

  80. Labeeqa Mir says:

    Going to the MoMA in New York City is an overwhelming experience, but definitely worth it. The museum is filled with different types of artwork such as sculptures, paints, and photographs. It is impossible to properly enjoy the museum in one visit, so if you go, you should plan out what you want to see. I highly recommend the “This Is for Everyone: Design Experiments for the Common Good,” exhibition located on the third floor of the museum. This exhibition consists of pieces that many of us do not think of as art. The red large Google Maps pin protruding from the wall and the black painted power button symbol on the wall are two of the most memorable things from the exhibit. These are icons that we might see every day, but we never think about as art. Personally, seeing these items in the museum got me thinking that many things have an origin. Someone had to think of the partial circle with a line in it before it became known as the power button. Not only does the exhibit highlight certain things, we take for granted, but it highlights something of the future. One of the most exotic things in this exhibit is the Kinematics Dress created by nervous system. It is a black 3D printed dress that consists of tiny triangles hinged together to create an intricate pattern of holes. 3D printing has become more common these days but has not reached the point where everyone has access to it. This dress shows the possibilities that 3D printing brings. This piece is truly amazing and just brings the whole exhibit together. It is a must see piece and exhibit.

  81. Nick Eusebi says:

    Last weekend the class went on a trip to the MOMA. This was the first time that I had been to an art gallery on that large of a scale. I’ve been to other museums but the content that they showed was fairly similar in each exhibit. At the MOMA I felt as if each exhibit had its own creative aspect that blended very well throughout the entire tour of the museum. While waiting to enter the museum there were various sculptures outside. Many of them looked very intriguing however we were not able to get a closer look at them due to the inclement weather. Each individual exhibit had its own unique aspect that allowed the viewer to relate why the pieces of artwork were grouped together the way they were. I felt as if I was able to walk through each portion of the museum and relate the pieces despite them being different from one other. At some points during the walk through of the exhibits I felt slightly overwhelmed with the amount of pieces of artwork that were present. There was so much to take in considering that I had tried to make it through the entire museum. Many of the artists I had not heard of although my background with art is not very well informed. For many of the pieces I found myself trying to think of the meaning that the artist was trying to put into his or her artwork. For the times that I was not able to envision what the artist put into their work, I found that I was creating my own picture in my head. The overall experience of the museum was a great one to have. I was able to view more artwork in person than I have before and I thoroughly enjoyed the trip.

  82. Marcel Briguglio says:

    On Saturday the 21st I went to the Museum of Modern Art in New York City and saw a famous yet ominous painting. The painting is called The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali. This is one of my favorite pieces of art, painted by one of my favorite painters. The Persistence of Memory is a framed painted of a beach with a rock formation and a body of water in the background. In the foreground is 4 clocks with 1 on a tree branch ,one on a sheet and the other two on an elevated platform, but these clocks are not regular clock but seem to be melting. The main focus of this piece of is the melting clocks. This piece was painted by Dali when he was vastly influenced by the scientific advances of the time, this particular piece was seems to be influenced by Einstein’s Theory of relativity. I believe the meaning behind this piece is that as the passage of time happens, time itself becomes irrelevant. I always juxtaposed the clocks with the landscape in the background, the clocks will eventually become useless and “melt” away whereas the rock formation and the body of water might change a little but will stand there for millennia to come. Dali’s put forth this existentialist idea that time will fade away and by extension the human race will fade away. This piece also belongs to the surrealist period of art, where artists created art from everyday objects.

  83. Devin Dromgoole says:

    This weekend at MOMA, I was able to see one of my favorite works of are of all time: “The Persistence of The Memory” by Salvador Dali. My first impression was one of surprise; I had expected the painting to be larger in size! While I had imagined the painting to at least be a few feet wide and tall, it turned out to only be about 10 inches by 8 inches (I’m just guessing on those numbers). It was also surprising to me to see how well the painting’s condition is after being in existence for more than half of a century. I had not expected the vibrant colors to still be as well intact as it was. In addition, seeing the fine brush strokes of his paint brush was amazing. No google images picture will ever be able to be defined enough to show detail that significantly. To me, it made the entire painting seem more “human.”
    I interpret the painting as Dali’s opinion on how time is not something that is as tangible that we, as humans, seem to assume. Time is something that has always interested me. This painting was way before its time- not many other people were contemplating the independence of time in the post- modern period. Every time I view this painting, I am able to find a new meaning that makes me reconsider my views on life.

    *To anyone who did not get the opportunity to see this painting, I highly recommend looking it up. I also have a selfie of me with the work if you would like to see the physical copy. I got a lot of dirty looks while taking it, so I hope it was worth it (Haters are gonna hate, I suppose).

  84. Sarah Weitzman says:

    The exhibition, Modern Photographs from the Thomas Walther Collection, 1909-1949, consists of more than 300 pictures from Thomas Walther’s private collection. It features photographs from many different photographers. The photos were taken during the years between World War I and World War II, when photography became more accessible to everyone. Also, many photographers started experimenting with abstraction, architecture, and figuration. Many of the photos in the exhibit were more abstract than the photos we looked at in class. I noticed a lot more pictures of different types of architecture compared to the all the portraits we saw in class. There were a lot of photographs that featured lots of geometry and lines, which were some of my favorites. I also liked the photographs taken by Willi Ruge. His skydiving pictures are great. My favorites from his skydiving collection are This Moment Was Decisive, Seconds Before Landing, and I Decided to Jump Headfirst. These three pictures are so crazy to me. I personally would never skydive. I can’t imagine skydiving back in the 30’s before they had all the safety precautions they do now. Another thing I liked about the whole exhibit was how old some of the photographs were. The fact that some of the pictures were over 100 years old blew my mind.

  85. Alyssa van Doorn says:

    Forever Now: Contemporary Painting in an Atemporal World is a current exhibit being housed in the Museum of Modern Art. Your first exposed to the exhibit upon entry to the Museum where a very large, 11’ 5 3/8” X 9’ 11 7/8”, Untitled piece by Laura Owens is on display. The painting’s background is blown up newspaper, which has this old faded, blurred quality. Painted on top of this are simple flowers, eyes as well as shapes and line. The Items painted over the newspaper are then given a shadow, and in the shadow the newspaper is no longer blurred; it seems as though the items are in front of the newspaper. The scale of the piece really helps to engage the viewer; it is huge and almost impossible not to take notice of. I felt like the painting was saying that the different layers symbolized that some things should be given more attention than others. The background represents the media and somewhat nonsense that is everywhere and engulfs our lives, while the flowers and colors are the small things in life. The eyes symbolize looking at the world around you, taking time to appreciate what is there and (even though it is cliché) “smelling the roses”.

  86. Kristin Snyder says:

    Vincent van Gogh’s The Starry Night is a 73.7×92.1cm oil on canvas painting. It is post-impressionist and probably expressionist. The piece is framed in a relatively simple, traditional looking wooden frame which is nice because I think something ornate would take away from the painting itself. The painting itself is of a town under a vast, swirling night sky full of big, blooming-like stars. The sky takes up about ¾ of the space, to the left is a large tree that begins at the bottom of the painting and reaches almost to the top border, and the small town is in the bottom ¼ of the painting. The color palette is composed of lots of blues, greens, and yellows, and to me this gives off a calm feeling. The brush strokes are thick and sweeping which enhances the feeling of magic and enchantment, as well as a hallucinatory, dreamy effect. I think this painting holds van Gogh’s emotions at the time, in the sense that he is connecting to nature and religion. The sky is a place of wonder, just to look up and see all the stars billions of light-years away is dizzying and evokes a response in everyone. I think anyone can look at this and feel that he was mesmerized by the sky and can relate, whether the sky makes you feel small and insignificant, gives you an existential crisis, makes you fascinated by nature and science, or makes you feel spiritual and religious. I think this painting captures those abstract feelings in a way that resonates, which is why it is one of his most famous and admired works.

  87. Mary-Grace Testa says:

    Today, I visited the second floor gallery in Westby, which was displaying Transendence “Lucidus,” a senior art exhibition by Melissa Silvestri. As soon as I entered the room, I took notice of a giant work which spanned three large canvases on the back wall. I immediately approached the painting to get a closer look and found that the work was titled “Transcendence,” so I assume that it is the center of Silvestri’s exhibit. I completely understand why. The work consists of three oil painted canvases, each 36 in by 48 in. The painting consists of ombre yellow circles emanating from the center of the middle canvas. I love how Silvestri applied the paint with thick strokes because it gives the work texture and makes it more interesting. I have always loved when the brush stokes are very visible in painting and they are incorporated into the art. I think the most intriguing element of the work is being one cohesive painting spread across three separate canvases. I found this unique piece of abstract art to be very cool. Although I was confused about the meaning, as I often am with abstract art, I enjoyed reading the artist statement, which gave me an even greater appreciation and understanding of the gallery. I learned that each there the paintings in the gallery are Silvestri’s depictions of her dreams; this helped we understand why some of the pieces were dark and somewhat scary while others were bright and fun. This concept is very interesting to me; I love both the artist’s ideas and her execution of her works.

  88. Alyssa van Doorn says:

    When entering the University’s gallery I was expecting to see something similar to the exhibition housed there last semester. It was a delightful surprise to see a much more fun and interactive collection. I was immediately drawn to The Water Wall by Lyn Godley. I was attracted to it because the piece is very large and is the first piece to be seen when walking into the gallery. I was also drawn to it because it is absolutely beautiful. I enjoy art that is not only thought provoking, but skillfully produced and aesthetically appealing. This piece had all three of those qualities, for a few minutes I just stood in awe examining the piece. The piece’s size helps to create an otherworldly feel, I felt submersed in the piece. Compositionally the lights, darks, and optic fibers are placed fairly evenly across the entire wall usually I would find this kind of boring but with the intention of the wall to look like water this even composition works. Water does not have intentional lights and darks, just as the wall doesn’t. The other piece in the gallery I found particularly interesting was the glass tubes filled with dead flies, which then had a clip of people dancing projected onto them. I found the whole thing a little disconcerting, but really interesting. At first glance I didn’t realize the tubes were filled with dead flies, I thought it was just dirt. Upon realizing the material in the tube was dead flies my view of the piece completely changed. The piece became a little disturbing but more interesting and thought provoking. The piece toys with the idea of life and death. The people projected are dancing, having fun while the flies are decomposing underneath their feet. I think the artist wanted to incorporate a shock aspect into their work while making the viewer question why the material in the tube is what it is.

  89. Emily Eppolite says:

    I recently started watching Gotham on Fox. Its an interesting show and one that I really enjoy despite its flaws. I thought it would be an interesting visual art piece for this discussion because there are some things about the writing and visual presentation that I really love but also some things that I really hate. Screen writing for television is a collaborative process and in this show, you can really feel it. Half of the scenes are phenomenal and the other half are at best; unintentionally hilarious and worst; mind numbingly boring. The show is a prequel which takes place in Batman’s Gotham city, right after a ten-year-old Bruce Waine’s parents were murdered. Plots revolve around heroes and villains from the original Batman as young men and women (or boys and girl depending on how old they are) and how they became the iconic characters that most people are familiar with. The show has a visual, atmospheric style which gives it the feel of the movie. Sets tend to utilize grayscale color schemes, and are usually beautiful, detailed, and well lit. The setting of the story is not only the name of the show but also the common element which links multiple, sometimes loosely related story lines, and I think that the creators understood the significance of this. Before any actor has uttered a word, the way which you are supposed to feel about Gotham City becomes readily apparent. It is a corrupt, dangerous, city, rife with crime and in need of a vigilantly hero who hasn’t risen to the challenge yet. This feeling could not be accomplished if it weren’t for the fact that the show’s visual presentation, sets, camera angles and lighting are perfectly planned. The shows unique visual style is arguably one of its strongest qualities. The main hero of the show is a young Commissioner Gorden, back when he was a homicide detective working for the Gotham police. Gorden’s only personality attribute is that he does his job well. He is a stick in the mud who rarely if ever shows any emotion. The main villain of the show is The Penguin, back when he was a twenty-something, low-level gangster attempting to make a name for himself in the Mafia. Penguin, despite being evil, is extremely complex, tragic, emotional and always, always, does his job of being entertaining, even if he’s just sitting at the edge of a scene making a face and not really doing anything. Herein lies the show’s most damning weakness: Its heroes are BORING. The villains, despite being evil, are genuinely more likeable than the heroes as well as about 100 times more entertaining. This wouldn’t be a bad thing, except, villain characters lose at least fifty percent of their screen time to hero characters who bore me to death, and this sometimes makes me feel cheated. I don’t think that this is the feeling that the creators had in mind.

  90. Justin Lavan says:

    When I walked into the Westby gallery, I first noticed the effective use of technology in the art. It was completely different then my expectations and far from the traditional art in which I was accustom. The conductive “paint” changed the way I looked at artists, since I had the stereotypical easel, paintbrush and white coat image of artist prior to the exhibit, however this was the work of a tinkerer. I could clearly tell that the artist was trying to create beauty in technology by adding extra depth to the picture of the ocean using LEDs, and making circuits much prettier than they actually are using spirals and unintuitive paths. However the best aspect of the exhibit was the cube that spoke. Due to its massive library of sounds, it allowed every visit to be unique. This is different from a painting or a picture, which looks the same every time you see it. It is interesting to note that due to the random element each user will have a different experience and helps spur different understandings of the art, as if art was not diverse in interpretations already! I do not feel that there was an underlying agenda behind the gallery as a whole, besides the pledge of allegiance video. Most of the art was in real time and the artist had little control over the users experience, the webcam and the cube are prime examples. Simulate/Permeate I feel was a great “toe dip” into the world of art for me, because I am uncultured and rarely see art, it was able to capture my interest and connect art to the left brain way my mind works.

  91. John Haer says:

    Seeing Simulate/Permeate at the Rowan Art gallery was an interesting experience for me. The only art gallery/museum that I have been to before was the Smithsonian’s National Portrait Gallery, which offered a completely different experience than the current exhibit at rowan. I quite enjoyed how unorthodox the pieces were compared to what I expected. Of the pieces at the gallery, the one that interested me the most was Cube, by Chris Vecchio. The way the cube was set up, with it being located centrally in the space with a bright light shining down on it from above really attracted me towards it. The sparkly and reflective cube looked almost jewel like from a distance, but up close it was just a sparkly plastic box. Even when I knew what to expect, the sounds made when the cube was picked up were rather startling. I would love to find out how the randomly chosen sounds were selected and changed as the cube was moved and rotated. The whole setup of the piece reminded me a bit of the opening scene from Raiders of the Lost Ark, with the treasure located in the center of the cave shining in the light. Additionally, I thought that the idea behind the piece was communicated rather well despite the relative simplicity of the piece. I initially picked up the piece and was rather engrossed in twisting and turning the cube to experience all the different sounds it made. After looking at the description of the piece, I realized that I was doing exactly what the artist intended, I was surfing through all the various sound samples. As a whole, I thoroughly enjoyed the interactivity and unorthodox nature of the art in this exhibition.

  92. Greg VanOmmeren says:

    When I walked in the door of the art exhibit I noticed its title written on the wall: A Series of Self Destruction. How optimistic. The gallery consisted of several individual projects with an overarching medical/human biology theme. Projects included a glass rib cage hung from the roof, a metal heart with several holes (appearance of bullet wounds), and a video showing someone choking on cigarette smoke while another person choked on smoke under a grotesque black mask. However, the piece that caught my attention the most was called Mirror Mobile. It consisted of a two-dimensional human head made of steel that was looking into a broken piece of acrylic mirror. On the other side was a steel head broken into many pieces that was gazing at the same broken mirror. I noticed that the mirror was much more jagged on the broken head side. My interpretation of this project is that even if we outwardly portray ourselves with confidence as complete and whole, when we truly examine ourselves and look into a mirror, someone broken is staring right back. The jagged edge of the mirror highlighted the brokenness of the one head, while the smoother edge of the mirror emphasized the unbroken head. I enjoy learning about the human body so this exhibit very much appealed to me and I like that it consisted more of handcrafted sculptures and less of odd technological projects.

  93. Amber Busher says:

    I had been to art galleries when I was younger, but I never really understood how to interpret another person’s ideas until recently. After taking a few classes on photography and interpretation of art, I am now happy to have a more accepting view of different art styles. There were a lot of interesting pieces in the Simulate – Permeate exhibit, but my favorite by far was Water Wall by Lyn Godley. Being a biomedical engineering major, I am inspired by the design, as it was a part of a movement to see how art can improve healthcare. Seeing it for the first time sparked a calming feeling in me. The photographs of the Bermuda coast turned into art with digital alteration and the incorporation of LEDs really help to create a soothing masterpiece. With the natural colors of the coast, the charcoal helps to enhance the images. The fiber optics help to illuminate the highlights in the photographs. The fiber optic lighting is my favorite part of Water Wall. Without them, the piece would not be nearly as effective in soothing its viewers as it stands currently. I hope that people like Lyn Godley can create more pieces like this to incorporate into the medical world, because I truly believe art can be a helpful aspect in regaining health. The meaning behind the piece is extraordinary and helps bring a plethora of faults in the current medical care system to light. With blank walls and nothing to look at in hospitals and intensive care units, it is gloomy and unhelpful in aiding recovery. With creations like Water Wall, I am hopeful for a greater speed of revival and inspiration in medical places.

  94. Labeeqa Mir says:

    The Simulate – Permeate exhibition at the Rowan Art Gallery is extremely interesting. It took me by surprise. I imagined canvases with paint thrown at them which is what I thought was typical contemporary art. However, the exhibit is captivating from the very first step you take into the gallery. The exhibition combines art with technology to create an interactive experience with the visitors. When you enter the gallery, the first thing you see is a beautiful full wall display of waves lit up with glimmering white lights that creates a serene atmosphere and makes you want to explore that gallery as if you were exploring the ocean. Moving around the gallery, I saw many different television screens, projections, and LED lights creating pictures. However, one item stuck out. It was sparkling gold, blue, and red cube placed in the center of the gallery with a sign giving permission to pick it up. As soon as I picked up the cube, I was overwhelmed with noises coming from speakers that evaded my attention. The audio noises changed as I rotated the cube. This cube fascinated me the most because it could produce up to 500 sounds depending on the angle the light hit it. Overall, this exhibition made it easier for me to understand the art, and it revealed to me that art does not have to be a painting on a wall, but it can be interactive and include senses other than vision such as hearing.

  95. Westby Gallery’s current installation Simulate/Permeate, curated by InLiquid, is undoubtedly a must-see. Contemporary Philadelphia artists infused technology, whimsy, and multimedia works to create an exhibition that could easily be described as a playground. I particularly enjoyed the interactive nature of some of the pieces, such as the large glittering Rubik’s cube that, when moved, set off a cacophony of seemingly random and sometimes abrasive sound clips. Another interactive piece that mesmerized me was the giant, demented monster statue in front of a delayed camera and screen. Looking like a Mr. Potato Head straight from a child’s nightmares, the over 5 feet tall flesh colored blob with its large bulbous butt and brightly colored facial features had an interchangeable hand, including a hand giving a one-fingered salute. The clash of the playful childlike qualities and the edgier, more abrasive elements of these two particular pieces seemed to speak on technologies’ advancement not only affecting how the current generation values and even accesses art but also its poisonous affect on the imagination. Things that reflected toys that promote inventiveness were subverted with abrasive sounds, mutilated sculptural elements, and, in the case of our Mr. Potato Headed friend, an overall crude appearance. Simulate/Permeate is full of thought provoking work that, in my opinion, speaks loudly to my generation.

  96. Mary-Grace Testa says:

    My previous experiences with art galleries have included walking through different rooms viewing framed images displayed on white walls, so I was expecting a similar encounter when we visited the Rowan Art Gallery. However, it was completely different than any and all of my previous experiences, and I absolutely loved it. I am fascinated by how the gallery integrates technology such as electricity, audio, video, etc. with art, in fact, in many cases, the technology was the art. For me, these elements made each piece significantly more interesting and I found myself spending longer periods of time around the art than I would a traditional painting or photograph. The piece I was most fascinated by was “Cube” by Chris Vecchio, 2004. At first, I assumed that the art was the prominently displayed, sparkly cube, and to be honest, I was not too impressed. However, when I saw the sign telling me to pick it up, I knew there was more to it, but my first reaction was that I absolutely did not want to move it because I have seen way too many television shows and movies where very bad things happen when people touch museum art. Eventually, someone else came up to the cube and picked it up, I was surprised to say the least at what happened next. Loud, random sounds, which I later found out were over 500 audio samples, which changed with the movement of the cube filled the space. Awesome. Besides the obvious fact that this piece is pure genius, and is so fun to play with and be around, I think that the artist is also trying to convey a serious message. Although we have some control our lives, technology and other distractions of today have the power to completely alter our actions and decisions, as well as fill our minds with overwhelming distractions. Technology pulls us in hundreds of different directions, all at once, and as a result, we often do not understand most of what we experience. Furthermore, we cannot anticipate what we will experience or when things will happen even; perhaps the lesson here is to embrace the unexpected.

  97. Sarah Weitzman says:

    Big Hero 6 is the newest animated film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios. I really liked this movie because it was funny, sweet, and inspiring. The setting was in the future in the city of San Fransokyo, a mash up between Japan and California. The artists’ rendition of the Japanese architecture and the Californian land was very interesting. Another thing I liked about this movie was the lesson it taught. Hiro, the main character, is a 14-year-old robotics genius. He lost his parents and isn’t living up to his full potential. Then, his older brother dies in a tragic accident. With the help of his brother’s robot, Baymax, Hiro does more than live up to his potential. He saves San Fransokyo. I really liked the lesson in this movie because it is more than the typical story of a smart kid who is angry at the world. This movie also does a really good job of showing how to help someone dealing with a tragic loss. Baymax is a medical professional robot and he diagnoses Hiro and tells him how to “cure” his sadness. He tells him that he needs to connect with loved ones and friends, and that he needs to be hugged. Baymax is easily the cutest, sweetest, and most innocent robot who closely resembles a marshmallow.

  98. Marcel Briguglio says:

    On February 3rd , I went to the art gallery on the first floor of Westby Hall, there I was a purely fascinating by a piece of art. The Piece was Between a Mirror and a Memory by the New American Public Art in collaboration with Edward Loveali. The piece was a live video feed with a 9 second delay that projected onto a monitor. The central piece of the art does not have to be centrally located and moves to whatever the video captures. The size of the artwork is in scale with the real world, but as everything shrinks as it is projected on the monitor. The idea behind the work is the delay of the live feed. 9 seconds is enough time for the delay to be observed, but feel like it just happened, creating an eerie and ominously sense from the viewer. The purpose of this piece seems to show the personal connection between memory and what is observed. The onlooker tries to create an image, where the image is not immediately what is happening but a past memory, creating a déjà-vu moment for the observer. I believe the artist is making a comment on the fast-pace world we now live in. Everything today, is so instant and there is no wait anymore, this is showing that we know expect everything to be immediate that if something is delayed we are unprepared to deal with it. He is making a point that there is reason patience is a virtue, not a lot of people have it anymore.

  99. Kristin Snyder says:

    The Water Wall by Lyn Godley is a large mural of photographs of the coastline of Bermuda. The entire mural is 102×114 inches and is a 4×5 grid of photographs. Each photograph in the grid is about 2ftx1.5ft. When you look at the mural in its entirety it literally looks like a wall of water, hence the name of the piece. The size works well for this because geographically the ocean is large and vast and seemingly all encompassing. Each photograph is individually framed in white. This framing distinctly separates each photograph and it adds aesthetic appeal. The piece is cool toned, has no drastic contrasts, and is bright overall. There is a wide range of blue hues as the waves and various depths of ocean mix. All of the space is filled by water and waves. When I view this piece calmness and tranquility come to mind, ideas that many people associate with the ocean. All of the blues also convey a peaceful tone. An interesting feature is small LED lights hand threaded through the photographs which definitely enhances the aesthetics and serves a purpose towards the artist’s intent. The artist is interested in how light therapy fused with art can be utilized in healthcare. I like the idea of the lights, as someone in the sciences. That art (and other forms of media) can have benefits to our well being is very interesting. Overall I really like this piece because it’s visually appealing and because of its link to the sciences and healthcare.

    • Well stated Kristin. You do a really good job of describing the piece and giving the reader a clear image of what you were experiencing. I also like how you related the work to your discipline and linked it to that perspective.


  100. Nick Eusebi says:

    After walking into the school’s art gallery I did not envision all of the technology and other various technological aspects. Before this visit I saw art as mainly paintings, photographs, and sculptures. Instead I had was shown a world of art that involved a great amount of technology in all of the pieces of artwork. Each piece of artwork also utilized its own unique way of using technology in their projects. Each sound and light was mesmerizing when you viewed each piece of work individually. However two similar pieces drew my attention to them the most were the ones named Printed Circuit Wall: Spiral and Printed Circuit Wall: Oscillation. These had a great appeal to me because of my background in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Artistically the two pieces were very appealing with how they are wired to a light bulb and a buzzer. At a closer glance the viewer is able to observe many of the intricacies of the wiring done to create the pathway for the electricity to flow through. The Spiral that leads up to the light bulb, made of a vinyl conductor, was done seamlessly as it spiraled to connect with the light. The wiring of the Oscillation portion is more intricate than the Spiral. The pathways for that supply the power to the buzzer cross on multiple paths until they each finally connect to produce a low buzzing sound. These two pieces of art were able to infuse sculpture as well as technology to create an amazing spectacle to view.

    • Good work Nick. I think your description and explanation of the pieces you were drawn to works well to help the reader get a sense of what the show was about and how they might experience it.


  101. Joshua Whiting says:

    The first time I have ever been to an art gallery was in class the other day. I would assume, like most non-art majors, I expected to be bored out of my mind and just looking at MOMA-like paintings with random dots and shapes that supposedly explain the meaning of life and such. I was pleasantly surprised when I entered the gallery and was greeted with very interesting and intriguing objects. At first glance the creations in the gallery did not seem like art, just cool sculptures or wall art, but after reading the descriptions on the wall I really got a feel as to why the objects surrounding me are present day art. The two most interesting aspects of the exhibit, in my opinion, were the cube and the play-doh-like sculpture. The cube was so fun to play with since it was more than just art, but also science, and an amazing interactive piece. Actually, the entire exhibit was pretty interactive, which I find incredibly appealing since I am a very hands-on type of person. I think the coolest thing was the play-doh man. I thought it was just funny walking into a room and seeing a man-sized play-doh looking sculpture holding up obscene gestures, but once you read what it was about and the message behind the sculpture, it became so much more. It was actually very surprising to read the message being portrayed and seeing how it is represented in the art work. Overall, it was a great experience.

    • I greatly appreciate your candor Josh, and your openness to experiencing the provocative work you encountered. I am also glad that your first visit to a gallery was an enjoyable one! 🙂

      Well written,

  102. Greg VanOmmeren says:

    Today’s class was actually my first visit to an art gallery. I was expecting to see various photographs and paintings. Instead I was bombarded by all kinds of audio and visual sensations. As soon as I walked in to the gallery I heard various discordant sounds coming from behind a wall. It turned out to be an interactive cube that when picked up and moved caused a collection of over 500 audio samples to play. Other technological art pieces include tubes of particles that absorbed light from a projector, and the layout of a working circuit system displayed on the wall. However, my favorite piece was a stop motion video created from many still photographs. I enjoy this type of art because it requires time on the part of the artist and is a combination of photography and filmography, both of which I partake in. It also was a video of food, of which I am a huge fan. This gallery experience has completely changed my point of view on art. I now am beginning to understand how much art reflects the society it comes from, as technology has become a vital part of our society. And thus results a unique blend of art and technology that I will not soon forget.

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